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Country comparison

Bangladesh

India

Bangladesh
All information: Bangladesh
 
India
All information: India
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Bangladesh and India. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, climate, energy, refugees, inflation, population and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 BangladeshIndia
Region:South AsiaSouth Asia
Area:147,630 km²3,287,259 km²
Official language:BengaliHindi
Government form:Parliamentary republicFederal parliamentary republic
Independent since:1971 AD1947 AD
Capital:DhakaNew Delhi

Population

Details for Bangladesh and India
 BangladeshIndia
Population:166,303,0001,393,409,000
Inhabitants/km²:1,126.5423.9
Life expectancy males:Ø 71 yearsØ 69 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 75 yearsØ 71 years
Average age:Ø 27.9 yearsØ 28.7 years
Birthrate:17.55 ‰17.44 ‰
Deathrate:5.52 ‰7.30 ‰
Migrationrate:-2.90 ‰0.16 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life
 BangladeshIndia
Political stability:4552
Civil rights:2545
Health:4435
Climate:5062
Cost of Living:6145
Popularity:3349

Economy

Details for Bangladesh and India
 BangladeshIndia
Currency: taka
(1 BDT = 100 Poisha)
Indian rupee
(1 INR =100 Paise)
Unemployment rate:5.2 %6.0 %
Inflation rate:5.55 %5.13 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
39.02 %28.80 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:33.40 %49.70 %
Average income:2,620 US$2,170 US$
Corruption index:74 (very bad)60 (bad)

 BGD:
total
per 1000
inh.
IND:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:416,265 M US$2.50 M US$3,173,398 M US$2.28 M US$
Gross national product:435,531 M US$2.62 M US$3,027,515 M US$2.17 M US$
Exported goods:49,386 M US$0.30 M US$643,129 M US$0.46 M US$
Imported goods:85,303 M US$0.51 M US$717,831 M US$0.52 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Bangladesh and India
 BGD:
total
per 1000
inh.
IND:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:369,105 km2.22 km6,371,847 km4.57 km
Railways:2,460 km0.01 km68,155 km0.05 km
Waterways:8,370 km0.05 km14,500 km0.01 km
Harbours:4680.00281,8010.0013
Passenger airports:80.0000820.0001

Energy balance

Details for Bangladesh and India
 BGD:
total
per 1000
inh.
IND:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:53.65 bn kWh322,602.96 kWh1,137.00 bn kWh815,984.38 kWh
Energy production:60.51 bn kWh363,852.85 kWh1,386.00 bn kWh994,682.80 kWh
Energy export:0.00 kWh0.00 kWh5.15 bn kWh3,695.97 kWh
Energy imports:0.00 kWh0.00 kWh5.62 bn kWh4,031.12 kWh
CO2 emissions:90.74 m t545.63 t2.46 bn t1,762.80 t

Telecommunication

Details for Bangladesh and India
 BangladeshIndia
International dialing:+880+91
Internet domain:.bd.in

 BGD
total
BGD
per 1000
inh.
IND
total
IND
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:1,390,048820,052,16214
Mobile cellulars:176,279,46510601,153,709,832828
Internet server:71,16406,746,0005
Internet users:41,243,267248599,165,884430
Broadband Internet:10,052,8196022,950,00016

Healthcare system

Details for Bangladesh and India
 BangladeshIndia
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:0.790.53
Physicians per 1000 inh.:0.530.78
Diabetes:9.2 %10.4 %
Malaria:0.7 %5.3 %
Tuberculosis:2.18 ‰1.88 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:95.0 %84.0 %
Smokers:34.7 %27.2 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Bangladesh and India
 BangladeshIndia
Daytime temperatures:29.9 °C31.7 °C
Nighttime temperatures:21.0 °C21.1 °C
Rel. humidity:75 %66 %
Rain days:11.07.9
Sunshine hours per day:5.66.2

Native languages

 BangladeshIndia
Bengali:97.7 %8.1 %
Hindi:n/a41.0 %
Telugu:n/a7.2 %
Marathi:n/a7.0 %
Tamil:n/a5.9 %
Urdu:n/a5.0 %
Gujarati:n/a4.5 %
Kannada:n/a3.7 %
Oriya:n/a3.2 %
Malayalam:n/a3.2 %
Punjabi:n/a2.8 %
Assamese:n/a1.3 %
Maithili:n/a1.2 %
Chakma:0.4 %n/a
Marma:0.2 %n/a
Tripuri:0.1 %n/a
Santhali:0.1 %n/a
Khasi:0.1 %n/a
Garo:0.1 %n/a
other:1.3 %5.9 %

Religions

 BangladeshIndia
Islam:89.5 %13.0 %
Hinduism:9.6 %79.8 %
Christianity:0.3 %2.3 %
Sikhism:n/a1.7 %
Buddhism:0.5 %0.7 %
Jainism:n/a0.4 %
Bahaism:n/a0.2 %
other:0.1 %1.9 %

Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.