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Country comparison

Belgium

Netherlands

Belgium
All information: Belgium
 
Netherlands
All information: Netherlands
 
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This country comparison is a concise, tabular overview of numerous data from our respective country pages for Belgium and Netherlands. For further information and explanations, we provide many details per country that go far beyond this comparison. For example, there are separate sub-pages for both countries on economy, climate, energy, refugees, inflation, population and much more.
In addition, we offer several international comparisons on individual topics, which are also linked on this page.

General information

 BelgiumNetherlands
Region:Western EuropeWestern Europe
Area:30,530 km²41,543 km²
Official language:DutchDutch
Government form:Federal parliamentary republic (under constitutional monarchy)Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Independent since:1830 AD1648 AD
Capital:BrusselsAmsterdam

Population

Details for Belgium and the Netherlands
 BelgiumNetherlands
Population:11,588,00017,533,000
Inhabitants/km²:379.6422.1
Life expectancy males:Ø 79 yearsØ 80 years
Life expectancy females:Ø 83 yearsØ 83 years
Average age:Ø 41.6 yearsØ 42.8 years
Birthrate:9.90 ‰9.70 ‰
Deathrate:11.00 ‰9.70 ‰
Migrationrate:4.38 ‰1.90 ‰

Quality of life

Values from 0 (bad) to 100 (very good)
See also: Explanations and country ranking on quality of life
 BelgiumNetherlands
Political stability:7686
Civil rights:8799
Health:8883
Climate:2021
Cost of Living:3240
Popularity:4036

Economy

Details for Belgium and the Netherlands
 BelgiumNetherlands
Currency: euro
(1 EUR = 100 Cent)
euro
(1 EUR =100 Cent)
Unemployment rate:6.4 %4.0 %
Inflation rate:2.44 %2.68 %
Cost of Living:
(USA = 100%)
96.97 %99.04 %
Commercial taxes and contributions:55.40 %41.20 %
Average income:50,510 US$56,370 US$
Corruption index:27 (good)18 (good)

 BEL:
total
per 1000
inh.
NLD:
total
per 1000
inh.
Gross domestic product:599,879 M US$51.77 M US$1,018,007 M US$58.06 M US$
Gross national product:585,266 M US$50.51 M US$988,276 M US$56.37 M US$
Exported goods:513,529 M US$44.32 M US$850,259 M US$48.49 M US$
Imported goods:512,924 M US$44.26 M US$738,180 M US$42.10 M US$
Gross debt:648,951 M US$56.00 M US$529,980 M US$30.23 M US$
Budget deficit:33,075 M US$2.85 M US$25,887 M US$1.48 M US$

Infrastructure

Details for Belgium and the Netherlands
 BEL:
total
per 1000
inh.
NLD:
total
per 1000
inh.
Roadways:118,414 km10.22 km139,124 km7.93 km
Railways:3,592 km0.31 km3,058 km0.17 km
Waterways:2,043 km0.18 km6,237 km0.36 km
Harbours:2010.01731,1990.0684
Passenger airports:50.000450.0003

Energy balance

Details for Belgium and the Netherlands
 BEL:
total
per 1000
inh.
NLD:
total
per 1000
inh.
Energy consumption:82.16 bn kWh7.09 m kWh108.80 bn kWh6.21 m kWh
Energy production:79.83 bn kWh6.89 m kWh109.30 bn kWh6.23 m kWh
Energy export:8.47 bn kWh730,504.50 kWh19.34 bn kWh1.10 m kWh
Energy imports:14.65 bn kWh1.26 m kWh24.26 bn kWh1.38 m kWh
CO2 emissions:93.01 m t8,026.49 t146.34 m t8,346.35 t

Telecommunication

Details for Belgium and the Netherlands
 BelgiumNetherlands
International dialing:+32+31
Internet domain:.be.nl

 BEL
total
BEL
per 1000
inh.
NLD
total
NLD
per 1000
inh.
Landlines:3,634,6393144,937,000282
Mobile cellulars:11,529,72899521,415,0001221
Internet server:5,192,00044813,699,000781
Internet users:10,605,97391516,013,843913
Broadband Internet:4,734,2104097,525,016429

Healthcare system

Details for Belgium and the Netherlands
 BelgiumNetherlands
Hospital beds per 1000 inh.:5.583.17
Physicians per 1000 inh.:3.323.51
Diabetes:4.6 %5.4 %
Tuberculosis:0.08 ‰0.04 ‰
Tuberculosis cure rate:81.0 %86.0 %
Smokers:23.4 %22.2 %

Climate

We also provide a more detailed climate comparison of both countries.
The data for each country can be found here: Belgium and Netherlands
 BelgiumNetherlands
Daytime temperatures:14.9 °C14.4 °C
Nighttime temperatures:7.3 °C6.9 °C
Rel. humidity:82 %80 %
Rain days:10.610.7
Sunshine hours per day:4.74.8

Native languages

 BelgiumNetherlands
Dutch:54.2 %95.6 %
French:41.1 %n/a
Fries:n/a3.7 %
Italian:2.1 %n/a
Arabic:n/a0.9 %
Turkish:n/a0.8 %
German:0.7 %n/a
other:1.9 %-1.0 %

Religions

 BelgiumNetherlands
Christianity:75.0 %47.0 %
Nondenominational:n/a42.0 %
Islam:n/a5.0 %
Jewry:0.3 %0.2 %
other:24.7 %5.8 %

Data inventory and updates

A country comparison like this can be based on several hundred individual data items from dozens of different sources. All data are based on the most recent data available to us. Most of them refer to the previous year and are updated around March of the following year. If a country has not yet published data for the most recent or penultimate year, we present the most recent official data. Updates are made on an ongoing basis depending on the subject area or source, so there is no single "cutoff date" for this comparison. Sources for almost all data can be found on our respective country pages.