Coronavirus Covid19

Spread of the COVID-19 virus pandemic by country

Since March 11, 2020, the COVID-19 has officially been considered a pandemic, i.e., a globally spread disease. It was first discovered in December 2019 and has since infected numerous people worldwide. Subsequently, extensive containment measures have been taken in almost all countries around the world.

Here we try to replicate current case numbers and vaccination status and document spread.
United States
United States
Total infected
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Total infected
Total infected

New infections in the last week

This graph shows the number of newly infected individuals in the past week by country based on seven-day incidence, or infections per 100,000 population.

Covid-19 infected compared

Number of cases by country

Worldwide, there have been 664,873,023 cases with 6,724,248 deaths so far. According to the authorities, the originally imense spread in China is now declining and the number of newly infected persons per day is falling rapidly. With 1,093,540 deaths, the United States is the country with the most severe effects so far. The United States are also far ahead with currently 100,651,473 reported infected persons and 1,093,540 deaths (as of January 27th, 2023). In the U.S., about 1.1 deaths per 100 infected persons are to be expected.

It has to be taken into account that the countries with the most COVID-19 cases were also the first to be affected. On the one hand, the extent of the COVID-19 pandemic was not known at the beginning and therefore drastic measures were not taken immediately. On the other hand, countries with a lower incidence are often several weeks behind other countries.

Country   Total
per 100,000
last week
per 100,000
United States 100,651,47330,408 323,72197.8
India 44,682,2063,238 8350.1
France 38,392,36459,029 30,42746.8
Germany 37,701,19345,332 59,62771.7
Brazil 36,730,91317,280 90,12642.4
Japan 32,171,70025,437 573,890453.8
South Korea 30,040,55658,594 142,414277.8
Italy 25,415,63042,614 14,67124.6
United Kingdom 24,259,24035,735 2,4803.7
Russia 21,910,02015,014 39,59827.1
Turkey 17,004,67720,162 00.0
Spain 13,722,67728,992 11,42624.1
Vietnam 11,526,33911,841 1260.1
Australia 11,268,94644,192 00.0
China 11,088,646754 128,4158.7
Argentina 10,032,70922,198 8,61419.1
Netherlands 8,580,55949,292 1,74910.0
Iran 7,563,6239,005 7550.9
Mexico 7,342,7645,695 13,75510.7
Indonesia 6,728,6762,460 1,6690.6
Poland 6,376,70816,799 2,4516.5
Colombia 6,354,79112,489 4,8209.5
Austria 5,759,51564,706 14,395161.7
Greece 5,683,89753,029 00.0
Portugal 5,562,88954,030 1,25412.2
Ukraine 5,367,03212,272 00.0
Chile 5,106,46326,713 15,58081.5
Malaysia 5,035,07315,557 1,8195.6
Israel 4,782,81055,257 4,38350.6
Thailand 4,726,5126,772 6270.9
Belgium 4,688,92740,694 3372.9
Czechia 4,587,72542,900 1,88817.7
Canada 4,539,22912,027 13,94837.0
Switzerland 4,384,90050,665 00.0
Philippines 4,072,1883,716 1,4621.3
South Africa 4,053,5276,835 1,4132.4
Denmark 3,398,67558,369 1,18020.3
Romania 3,322,64817,190 2,96815.4
Sweden 2,690,47326,051 7847.6
Serbia 2,466,49335,608 5,10373.7
Iraq 2,465,5456,130 00.0
Singapore 2,214,43737,851 1,75330.0
Hungary 2,191,20022,429 00.0
New Zealand 2,127,27544,114 12,278254.6
Bangladesh 2,037,4781,237 790.0
Georgia 1,814,18045,478 1,40435.2
Ireland 1,699,34734,230 3637.3
Pakistan 1,576,188714 1030.0
Kazakhstan 1,496,2557,969 4802.6
Norway 1,477,51427,527 3195.9
Finland 1,449,82926,240 841.5
Bulgaria 1,295,08218,630 6078.7
Morocco 1,272,1863,447 960.3
Croatia 1,267,15831,225 53913.3
Bolivia 1,184,58910,148 4,21336.1
Costa Rica 1,182,37123,211 4,85795.3
Ecuador 1,051,2395,958 1,1716.6
United Arab Emirates 1,048,83710,605 6196.3
Mongolia 1,007,86230,744 190.6
Nepal 1,001,0813,436 130.0
Saudi Arabia 827,6972,377 2440.7
Bahrain 696,61440,939 00.0
Sri Lanka 671,9843,138 160.1
Kuwait 662,85815,522 00.0
Myanmar 633,8141,165 370.1
Estonia 613,53146,166 26319.8
Venezuela 551,2971,939 2660.9
Egypt 515,609504 290.0
Ethiopia 499,255434 550.0
Qatar 492,11517,081 47116.3
Oman 399,1547,816 00.0
Kenya 342,703637 00.0
Albania 333,18511,578 863.0
Luxembourg 314,48150,228 33954.1
Montenegro 286,05045,545 34755.2
Brunei 275,22062,910 1,003229.3
Algeria 271,307619 150.0
Nigeria 266,463129 00.0
Zimbabwe 259,9471,749 00.0
Iceland 208,60557,288 7921.7
Afghanistan 208,324535 3150.8
El Salvador 201,7853,111 00.0
Ghana 171,099551 00.0
Cambodia 138,677829 120.1
Cameroon 123,993467 00.0
Congo (Dem. Republic) 95,472107 00.0
Senegal 88,900531 00.0
Sudan 63,729145 40.0
Haiti 34,008298 00.0
Timor-Leste 23,4121,776 50.4
Bermuda * 18,75130,111 3353.0
Monaco 16,04740,890 1025.5
Chad 7,65147 00.0
Vatican 263,214 00.0

Countermeasures and prevention

COVID-19 is a novel respiratory disease that had not been experienced before. Therefore, there were no vaccines and no experience in dealing with infected persons or in fighting the spread. Most countries worldwide therefore focused primarily on delaying the outbreak. Instead of placing thousands of sick people in overcrowded hospitals, they tried to limit the number of people infected at the same time through quarantine measures and spread them over a longer period of time.

The methods of containment varied from country to country. Different regulations already exist within countries at the level of federal states or even cities. In principle, however, all approaches involved the containment of social contacts. From bans on assembly, closures of public facilities or shops to almost complete curfews, numerous models were applied. The Federal Foreign Office lists the measures taken per country in its travel and security advice, which is updated almost daily.

Mortality rate

A mortality rate, i.e., the ratio of deceased victims to previously infected people, would be a purely mathematical ratio and has little meaning without additional information. Therefore, we have removed it from the table above. It is difficult to compare it with those of other countries because the progress of the pandemic varies from country to country, as well as the number of unreported cases and, last but not least, the fact that survey methods differ too much. If the spread in a country reaches its peak later, the death figures will only increase in the following days and weeks. At the same time, in other countries, these figures may already have been included in the statistics. The mortality rate must also be viewed in a differentiated manner over time, since the time span between infection, registration as infected and death varies from country to country.

Critical handling of numbers

Coronavirus Covid19 As with many statistics, the available figures must be handled with care. The numbers are never absolute and binding. Statistics can only ever express what numbers have been supplied before. Statistics on, as well as on other websites, have no influence on the origin of the numbers or even the way they are collected.

The number of infected persons only refers to confirmed cases, so no estimates or extrapolations appear in the statistics. So these are exclusively sick people who have tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus in a medical test. In many countries it is not even known how many people have been tested. It is also clear that infected persons in particular, without symptoms or with only a mild course of the disease, often do not get tested at all. In many cases, an infection is not noticed at all or there are not enough tests available.

This has an immense influence on the mortality rate: If fewer people or only high-risk groups are tested, but the deaths are almost completely recorded, the mass of mild disease progressions is not taken into account. The mortality rate must therefore inevitably be too high.

The number of deaths should also be treated with great caution. In all countries, deaths are attributed to COVID-19 if a test for SARS-CoV-2 was positive postmortem. That is, such cases are counted even if someone had the virus but did not die from it at all. This method of recording is inaccurate, but an actual determination of the cause of death would be immensely costly and almost impossible to achieve. Moreover, who is actually recorded as a "COVID death" is regulated inconsistently depending on the country. In some countries, not all deceased are tested, while in others, only high-risk groups are tested or only if there is sufficient suspicion. In the first months of 2020, there was insufficient viral testing, so even with a strategy in place, not everyone could be tested. In some cases, all deaths in nursing homes were attributed to COVID, even if only one resident tested positive.

Ultimately, these values represent only a summary per country. However, due to the different countermeasures and, above all, the delayed outbreaks in each country, it is not possible to make a prediction for one country based on the simultaneous development in another country. The less developed countries with fewer infected persons will often not have recognized a COVID-infected person as such in the initial phase, while the number of unreported cases of people already infected is probably drastically higher.

* Dependent territories

The following countries are not sovereign states, but dependent territories or areas of other states:
  • Bermuda: self-governing territory of the UK
Further information on the definition of a country can be found in our article, What is a country?

Data basis and interpretation of the figures

The above case numbers are based on the data from the World Health Organization (WHO). The reported cases vary slightly depending on the publisher and their data sources. For example, John Hopkins University in Baltimore publishes slightly different data. The deviations are attributed to different time zones and different data sources.