Coronavirus Covid19

Spread of the COVID-19 virus pandemic by country

Since March 11, 2020, the COVID-19 has officially been considered a pandemic, i.e., a globally spread disease. It was first discovered in December 2019 and has since infected numerous people worldwide. Subsequently, extensive containment measures have been taken in almost all countries around the world.

Here we try to replicate current case numbers and vaccination status and document spread.
United States
United States
Total infected
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Total infected
Total infected

New infections in the last week

This graph shows the number of newly infected individuals in the past week by country based on seven-day incidence, or infections per 100,000 population.

Covid-19 infected compared

Number of cases by country

Worldwide, there have been 767,364,883 cases with 6,938,353 deaths so far. According to the authorities, the originally imense spread in China is now declining and the number of newly infected persons per day is falling rapidly. With 1,127,152 deaths, the United States is the country with the most severe effects so far. The United States are also far ahead with currently 103,436,829 reported infected persons and 1,127,152 deaths (as of June 4th, 2023). In the U.S., about 1.1 deaths per 100 infected persons are to be expected.

It has to be taken into account that the countries with the most COVID-19 cases were also the first to be affected. On the one hand, the extent of the COVID-19 pandemic was not known at the beginning and therefore drastic measures were not taken immediately. On the other hand, countries with a lower incidence are often several weeks behind other countries.

Country   Total
per 100,000
last week
per 100,000
United States 103,436,82931,250 00.0
China 99,268,6606,747 5,8290.4
India 44,990,2783,260 2,3870.2
France 39,035,04060,018 19,04229.3
Germany 38,426,30846,204 1,6422.0
Brazil 37,579,02817,679 25,69112.1
Japan 33,803,57226,727 00.0
South Korea 31,646,97361,727 54,544106.4
Italy 25,857,57243,355 5,0228.4
United Kingdom 24,618,43636,264 1,4652.2
Russia 22,917,87315,704 00.0
Turkey 17,004,67720,162 00.0
Spain 13,868,22729,300 00.0
Vietnam 11,609,87811,927 4,4804.6
Australia 11,381,17144,632 00.0
Argentina 10,044,95722,225 00.0
Netherlands 8,610,37249,463 00.0
Mexico 7,614,7715,906 2,1031.6
Iran 7,611,5839,062 2100.3
Indonesia 6,807,0852,489 2,7951.0
Poland 6,516,89017,169 3370.9
Colombia 6,367,60012,514 8231.6
Austria 6,076,62568,269 1,67018.8
Greece 6,067,21856,605 00.0
Portugal 5,588,31054,277 1,69316.4
Ukraine 5,553,03112,697 00.0
Chile 5,287,28827,659 4732.5
Malaysia 5,100,24915,758 5,80117.9
Israel 4,826,03155,757 3233.7
Belgium 4,799,10741,650 830.7
Thailand 4,738,9886,789 00.0
Canada 4,676,87812,392 3,1478.3
Czechia 4,642,06543,408 2332.2
Switzerland 4,405,43050,903 00.0
Philippines 4,139,2953,777 9,0288.2
South Africa 4,072,5336,867 00.0
Denmark 3,413,68958,627 2584.4
Romania 3,404,19717,612 1,8419.5
Sweden 2,709,81526,239 00.0
Serbia 2,541,52236,692 95913.8
Iraq 2,465,5456,130 00.0
Singapore 2,459,45742,040 00.0
New Zealand 2,306,94347,840 11,384236.1
Hungary 2,202,71622,547 00.0
Bangladesh 2,039,2441,238 5030.3
Georgia 1,842,04646,176 00.0
Ireland 1,712,11334,488 982.0
Pakistan 1,580,631716 00.0
Kazakhstan 1,502,8578,004 00.0
Norway 1,484,88227,664 1402.6
Finland 1,479,60826,779 1282.3
Lithuania 1,320,43847,258 31911.4
Bulgaria 1,307,42018,808 4366.3
Morocco 1,274,1803,452 00.0
Croatia 1,273,79531,388 1243.1
Puerto Rico * 1,249,46943,675 6,903241.3
Costa Rica 1,232,57624,196 98719.4
Bolivia 1,198,85810,270 4543.9
United Arab Emirates 1,067,03010,789 1061.1
Ecuador 1,062,2756,021 00.0
Mongolia 1,008,65530,768 00.0
Nepal 1,003,3353,444 190.1
Saudi Arabia 841,4692,417 00.0
Bahrain 696,61440,939 00.0
Sri Lanka 672,4493,140 560.3
Myanmar 638,8181,174 5171.0
Venezuela 552,6951,944 00.0
Egypt 516,023504 00.0
Qatar 512,93617,804 2729.4
Ethiopia 500,893436 130.0
Kenya 343,074638 00.0
Albania 334,09011,609 00.0
Luxembourg 319,95951,103 00.0
Brunei 306,33370,022 00.0
Mauritius 306,32324,086 00.0
Montenegro 291,84546,468 00.0
Algeria 271,835620 130.0
Nigeria 266,675129 00.0
Zimbabwe 265,0301,783 620.4
Afghanistan 221,332569 6551.7
Iceland 209,19157,449 00.0
El Salvador 201,7853,111 00.0
Ghana 171,653552 00.0
Cambodia 138,771830 260.2
Cameroon 125,036471 00.0
Congo (Dem. Republic) 96,652108 00.0
Sudan 63,993146 00.0
Haiti 34,241300 40.0
Cayman Islands * 31,47247,888 00.0
Somalia 27,334172 00.0
Timor-Leste 23,4501,779 50.4
Bermuda * 18,86030,286 00.0
Monaco 16,79342,791 00.0
Chad 7,69847 00.0
Vatican 263,214 00.0

Countermeasures and prevention

COVID-19 is a novel respiratory disease that had not been experienced before. Therefore, there were no vaccines and no experience in dealing with infected persons or in fighting the spread. Most countries worldwide therefore focused primarily on delaying the outbreak. Instead of placing thousands of sick people in overcrowded hospitals, they tried to limit the number of people infected at the same time through quarantine measures and spread them over a longer period of time.

The methods of containment varied from country to country. Different regulations already exist within countries at the level of federal states or even cities. In principle, however, all approaches involved the containment of social contacts. From bans on assembly, closures of public facilities or shops to almost complete curfews, numerous models were applied. The Federal Foreign Office lists the measures taken per country in its travel and security advice, which is updated almost daily.

Mortality rate

A mortality rate, i.e., the ratio of deceased victims to previously infected people, would be a purely mathematical ratio and has little meaning without additional information. Therefore, we have removed it from the table above. It is difficult to compare it with those of other countries because the progress of the pandemic varies from country to country, as well as the number of unreported cases and, last but not least, the fact that survey methods differ too much. If the spread in a country reaches its peak later, the death figures will only increase in the following days and weeks. At the same time, in other countries, these figures may already have been included in the statistics. The mortality rate must also be viewed in a differentiated manner over time, since the time span between infection, registration as infected and death varies from country to country.

Critical handling of numbers

Coronavirus Covid19 As with many statistics, the available figures must be handled with care. The numbers are never absolute and binding. Statistics can only ever express what numbers have been supplied before. Statistics on, as well as on other websites, have no influence on the origin of the numbers or even the way they are collected.

The number of infected persons only refers to confirmed cases, so no estimates or extrapolations appear in the statistics. So these are exclusively sick people who have tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus in a medical test. In many countries it is not even known how many people have been tested. It is also clear that infected persons in particular, without symptoms or with only a mild course of the disease, often do not get tested at all. In many cases, an infection is not noticed at all or there are not enough tests available.

This has an immense influence on the mortality rate: If fewer people or only high-risk groups are tested, but the deaths are almost completely recorded, the mass of mild disease progressions is not taken into account. The mortality rate must therefore inevitably be too high.

The number of deaths should also be treated with great caution. In all countries, deaths are attributed to COVID-19 if a test for SARS-CoV-2 was positive postmortem. That is, such cases are counted even if someone had the virus but did not die from it at all. This method of recording is inaccurate, but an actual determination of the cause of death would be immensely costly and almost impossible to achieve. Moreover, who is actually recorded as a "COVID death" is regulated inconsistently depending on the country. In some countries, not all deceased are tested, while in others, only high-risk groups are tested or only if there is sufficient suspicion. In the first months of 2020, there was insufficient viral testing, so even with a strategy in place, not everyone could be tested. In some cases, all deaths in nursing homes were attributed to COVID, even if only one resident tested positive.

Ultimately, these values represent only a summary per country. However, due to the different countermeasures and, above all, the delayed outbreaks in each country, it is not possible to make a prediction for one country based on the simultaneous development in another country. The less developed countries with fewer infected persons will often not have recognized a COVID-infected person as such in the initial phase, while the number of unreported cases of people already infected is probably drastically higher.

* The marked countries are not independent and sovereign states, but dependent territories of other states. Cf. also our article What is a country?

Data basis and interpretation of the figures

The above case numbers are based on the data from the World Health Organization (WHO). The reported cases vary slightly depending on the publisher and their data sources. For example, John Hopkins University in Baltimore publishes slightly different data. The deviations are attributed to different time zones and different data sources.