Coronavirus Covid19

Spread of the coronavirus pandemic by country

Since 11 March 2020, the respiratory disease COVID-19 has officially been considered a pandemic, i.e. a globally spread disease. According to current knowledge, it originated in the Chinese metropolis of Wuhan, where it was discovered at the end of December 2019 and subsequently infected numerous people. Here we try to replicate current case numbers and vaccination status and document spread.
United States
United States
Total infected
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Total infected
Total infected

New infections in the last week

This graph shows the number of newly infected individuals in the past week by country based on 7-day incidence, or infections per 100,000 population.

Covid-19 infected compared

Number of cases by country

Worldwide, there have been 615,310,890 cases with 6,524,568 deaths so far. According to the authorities, the originally imense spread in China is now declining and the number of newly infected persons per day is falling rapidly. With 1,047,392 deaths, the United States is the country with the most severe effects so far. The United States of America are also far ahead with currently reported infected persons and deaths (as of October 4th, 2022). In the U.S., about 1.1 deaths per 100 infected persons are to be expected.

It has to be taken into account that especially the countries with the most corona cases were also the first to be affected. On the one hand, the imminent extent of the corona pandemic was not known at the beginning and therefore drastic measures were hesitated. On the other hand, countries with a lower incidence are usually several weeks behind other countries.

Country   Total
per 100,000
last week
per 100,000
United States 94,965,62328,690 189,67157.3
India 44,597,4983,232 25,2551.8
Brazil 34,654,19016,303 23,19610.9
France 34,390,31352,876 270,977416.6
Germany 33,386,22940,144 392,089471.4
South Korea 24,831,76148,434 197,523385.3
United Kingdom 23,672,85534,871 26,62339.2
Italy 22,529,25237,774 225,646378.3
Japan 21,330,77216,865 263,228208.1
Russia 21,073,18514,440 240,076164.5
Turkey 16,873,79320,007 00.0
Spain 13,422,98428,359 19,48241.2
Vietnam 11,480,51811,794 8,2178.4
Australia 10,191,31239,966 00.0
Argentina 9,708,42021,481 00.0
Netherlands 8,430,86148,432 12,33370.8
China 7,752,253527 307,28420.9
Iran 7,549,5868,988 2,4973.0
Mexico 7,082,0345,493 00.0
Indonesia 6,434,5852,352 10,7123.9
Colombia 6,306,55212,394 00.0
Poland 6,297,65616,591 23,60862.2
Portugal 5,480,86453,233 8057.8
Ukraine 5,177,21711,838 00.0
Austria 5,154,44757,908 80,684906.5
Greece 4,920,19245,903 00.0
Malaysia 4,843,86514,966 12,04337.2
Thailand 4,682,1326,708 3,4615.0
Israel 4,664,37253,889 6,14371.0
Chile 4,620,37724,170 12,81167.0
Belgium 4,544,50539,440 10,87494.4
Canada 4,233,46811,217 00.0
Czechia 4,109,07238,424 18,237170.5
Switzerland 4,084,31547,192 2,80832.4
South Africa 4,018,7686,776 1,2162.1
Philippines 3,953,8863,608 15,68614.3
Denmark 3,299,53456,666 8,250141.7
Romania 3,269,94216,917 7,88940.8
Sweden 2,588,44125,063 3,18030.8
Iraq 2,460,3186,117 8132.0
Serbia 2,364,81434,141 15,774227.7
Hungary 2,094,14221,435 11,392116.6
Bangladesh 2,026,9081,231 4,5002.7
Singapore 1,914,28032,721 22,939392.1
Georgia 1,780,69144,638 00.0
New Zealand 1,772,01636,747 19,616406.8
Ireland 1,663,65333,511 3156.3
Pakistan 1,572,598712 2820.1
Kazakhstan 1,483,7647,902 5192.8
Norway 1,462,31227,243 3145.9
Finland 1,292,94023,400 90.2
Morocco 1,264,9723,427 930.3
Bulgaria 1,259,94818,125 4,80969.2
Croatia 1,233,72830,401 4,714116.2
Costa Rica 1,117,98921,947 00.0
Bolivia 1,108,1299,493 2762.4
United Arab Emirates 1,027,93310,393 2,36523.9
Ecuador 1,003,7785,689 4662.6
Nepal 999,7893,431 1750.6
Mongolia 983,00429,985 2788.5
Saudi Arabia 816,6642,346 8252.4
Bahrain 681,21040,034 2,507147.3
Sri Lanka 670,7903,133 720.3
Burma 623,9141,147 2,2284.1
Estonia 601,99345,298 24018.1
Venezuela 544,6871,915 2370.8
Egypt 515,381504 100.0
Ethiopia 493,510429 00.0
Qatar 451,67515,677 5,398187.4
Kenya 338,439629 490.1
Albania 331,13911,507 30910.7
Luxembourg 291,75846,599 1,307208.8
Montenegro 280,48044,658 1,074171.0
Algeria 270,668617 210.0
Nigeria 265,431129 2450.1
Mauritius 262,64820,652 00.0
Zimbabwe 257,3421,731 00.0
Brunei 227,75652,061 00.0
Iceland 205,63756,473 4011.0
Afghanistan 199,272512 8172.1
Ghana 169,385545 2850.9
Cambodia 137,885825 450.3
Cameroon 121,652458 00.0
Malta 114,73022,297 14728.6
Congo (Dem. Republic) 92,892104 00.0
Ivory Coast 87,258331 1230.5
Sudan 63,280144 00.0
Haiti 33,702296 00.0
Timor-Leste 23,2571,764 40.3
Gibraltar 20,09259,636 2368.3
Bermuda 18,15429,152 3251.4
Equatorial Guinea 16,9191,206 60.4
Monaco 14,62137,257 58147.8
Chad 7,58146 00.0
Holy See (Vatican City) 263,214 00.0

Countermeasures and prevention

Covid-19 is a novel respiratory disease with which no experience has been gained so far. Therefore, there are no vaccines and no experience in dealing with infected persons or in fighting the spread. Most countries worldwide are therefore focusing primarily on delaying the outbreak. Instead of placing thousands of sick people in overcrowded hospitals, they try to limit the number of people infected at the same time by quarantine measures and spread them over a longer period of time.

The methods of containment vary from country to country. Different regulations already exist within countries at the level of federal states or even cities. In principle, however, all approaches have the containment of social contacts in common. From bans on assembly, closures of public facilities or shops to almost complete curfews, numerous models are applied. The Federal Foreign Office lists the measures taken per country in its travel and security advice, which is almost daily updated.

Mortality rate

A mortality rate, i.e. the ratio of previously deceased victims to infected people, would be a purely mathematical ratio and has little meaning without additional information. Therefore we have removed it from the above table. It is difficult to compare it with those of other countries, because the progress of the pandemic varies from country to country, the number of unreported cases and, last but not least, the survey methods differ too much. If the spread in a country reaches its peak only later, the death figures will only increase in the following days and weeks. At the same time, in other countries these figures may already have been included in the statistics. The mortality rate must also be viewed in a differentiated manner over time, since the time span between infection, registration as infected and death varies from country to country.

Critical handling of numbers

Coronavirus Covid19 As with many statistics, the available figures must be handled with care. The number of a crowd (whether infected or dead) is never absolute and binding. Statistics can only ever express what numbers have been supplied before. Statistics on, but also on other internet sites have no influence on the origin of the numbers or even the way they are collected.

The number of infected persons only refers to confirmed cases, so no estimates or extrapolations appear in the statistics. So these are exclusively sick people who have tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus in a medical test. In many countries it is not even known how many people have been tested. It is also clear that infected persons in particular, without symptoms or with only a mild course of the disease, often do not get tested at all. In many cases, an infection is not noticed at all or there are not enough tests available.

This has an immense influence on the mortality rate: If fewer people or only high-risk groups are tested, but the deaths are almost completely recorded, the mass of mild disease progressions is not taken into account. The mortality rate must therefore inevitably be too high.

The number of deaths should also be treated with great caution. In all countries, deaths are attributed to the corona virus if a test for SARS-CoV-2 was positive postmortem. That is, such cases are counted even if someone had the virus but did not die from it at all. This method of recording is inaccurate, but an actual determination of the cause of death would be immensely costly and almost impossible to achieve. Moreover, who is actually recorded as a "corona dead person" is regulated inconsistently depending on the country. In some countries, not all deceased are tested; in others, only high-risk groups are tested or only if there is sufficient suspicion. Especially in the first months of 2020, there was insufficient viral testing, so even with a strategy in place, still not everyone could be tested. In some cases, all deaths in nursing homes were attributed to the Corona virus, even if only one resident tested positive.

Ultimately, these values represent only a summary per country. However, due to the different countermeasures and, above all, the delayed outbreaks in each country, it is not possible to make a prediction for one country based on the simultaneous development in another country. Especially the less developed countries with fewer infected persons will often not have recognized a corona infected person as such in the initial phase. Also, the number of unreported cases of people already infected is probably drastically higher.

Data basis and interpretation of the figures

The above case numbers are based on the data from the World Health Organization (WHO). The reported cases vary slightly depending on the publisher and their data sources. For example, the John Hopkins University in Baltimore publishes slightly different data. The deviations are attributed to different time zones and different data sources.