Colors of the following climate diagrams: Andalusia Catalonia
Daily maximum temperatures
The highest daytime temperatures in Andalusia are reached in August with an average of 33.2 °C. The coldest month, on the other hand, is January, with an average of just 15.6 °C. In Catalonia, July is the warmest month, with 30.5 °C. There, it is coolest in January with an average of 13.1 °C.
Night time lows
At night, it cools down to varying degrees depending on the country and altitude. In Andalusia, temperatures drop as low as 5.8 °C in January. The warmest nights are in August at 20.2 °C. In Catalonia, it is coolest at night in January at 3.0 °C and warmest in July at 19.1 °C. This corresponds to a cooling of 9.3 to 13.4 °C in Andalusia and 9.8 to 11.6 °C in Catalonia.
Rainy days per month
By definition, a rainy day is a day on which at least 0.1 liters of precipitation per m² fall. This corresponds to a 1 square meter puddle in which the water stands 0.1 mm high — insofar as the water does not seep away or evaporate. So it does not have to rain all day long. November brings the most rainy days (6.4) in Andalusia. With an average of only 0.2 days, July is the friendliest. In Catalonia, it rains most often in April with 6.9 days.
Precipitation amount per day
Depending on the season and the location of a country, the wind brings a varying amount of water with it. As a rule, the water evaporating in the oceans is absorbed and then transported inland. The greatest amount of rain (hail or dew are also forms of precipitation) in Andalusia occurs in November, when about 2.6 liters per square meter fall per day. In Catalonia, the average amount of precipitation ranges from 0.9 liters per day in July to 2.3 in October. However, these are average values. If you consider that there are only 6.3 rainy days in Catalonia in October, each of them accounts for about 11.1 liters.
Sunshine hours per day
With 3,030 hours of sunshine per year, Andalusia is in the lead. The most hours of sunshine (12.0 per day) are in July. Catalonia falls into second place with only 2,519 hours. There the sun is visible in December for only 4.5 hours per day, so not hidden behind clouds.
Hours of daylight
The length of a day varies throughout the year and depends on the distance from the equator. In December, the day in Andalusia is only 9.7 hours long. In June, on the other hand, it is 14.7 hours. In Catalonia, it is 9.3 hours in December and 15.2 in June.