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Climate comparison

China

India

China
All information: China
India
All information: India
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ChinaIndia
Climate zoneTemperate zone to TropicsSubtropics to Tropics
Latitudes52° 20' N to 18° 15' N34° 33' N to 8° 5' N
Distance to equator2,000 - 5,800 km900 - 3,800 km
 
Annual valuesChinaIndia
Ø Daytime maximum temperature19.10 °C31.70 °C
Ø Daily low temperature9.3 °C21.10 °C
Ø Water temperature17.90 °C27.30 °C
Ø Humidity69 %66 %
Precipitation1,073 mm1,628 mm
Rain days75.6 days92.4 days
Hours of sunshine2,154 hrs.2,263 hrs.

Colors of the following climate diagrams:
India
China

Daily maximum temperatures

The highest daytime temperatures in China are reached in July with an average of 30.4 °C. The coldest month, on the other hand, is January, with an average of just 4.6 °C. In India, May is the warmest month, with 36.6 °C. There, it is coolest in January with an average of 26.2 °C.

Night time lows

At night, it cools down to varying degrees depending on the country and altitude. In China, temperatures drop as low as -5.0 °C in January. The warmest nights are in July at 21.7 °C. In India, it is coolest at night in January at 13.7 °C and warmest in June at 25.9 °C. This corresponds to a cooling of 8.7 to 10.9 °C in China and 6.6 to 13.1 °C in India.

Water temperatures

Humidity

The humidity of the air depends to a large extent on the air temperature. The warmer the air, the more water it can absorb. At a temperature of 25°C it is 23 grams per cubic meter, at 30 degrees it is already 26 grams. Therefore, the air humidity is given as a relative value to the temperature-dependent maximum amount. It becomes unpleasant when high humidity is combined with high temperatures.

Humidex

Humidex is an approximate, sensed temperature calculated on the basis of air temperature, dew point and humidity. It was developed in 1965 by the Canadian meteorologists J. M. Masterton and F. A. Richardson. Since the wind speed is ignored here, it is not very meaningful in areas below approx. 15°C. Above that, it is more reliable, since at higher temperatures humidity plays a greater role than wind.

Rainy days per month

By definition, a rainy day is a day on which at least 0.1 liters of precipitation per m² fall. This corresponds to a 1 square meter puddle in which the water stands 0.1 mm high — insofar as the water does not seep away or evaporate. So it does not have to rain all day long. July brings the most rainy days (10.7) in China. With an average of only 2.9 days, December is the friendliest. In India, it rains most often in July with 17.8 days.

Precipitation amount per day

Depending on the season and the location of a country, the wind brings a varying amount of water with it. As a rule, the water evaporating in the oceans is absorbed and then transported inland. The greatest amount of rain (hail or dew are also forms of precipitation) in China occurs in July, when about 6.7 liters per square meter fall per day. In India, the average amount of precipitation ranges from 0.6 liters per day in February to 10.8 in July. However, these are average values. If you consider that there are only 17.8 rainy days in India in July, each of them accounts for about 18.1 liters.

Sunshine hours per day

With 2,263 hours of sunshine per year, India is in the lead. The most hours of sunshine (7.8 per day) are in April. China falls into second place with only 2,154 hours. There the sun is visible in January for only 4.8 hours per day, so not hidden behind clouds.

Hours of daylight

The length of a day varies throughout the year and depends on the distance from the equator. In December, the day in China is only 9.9 hours long. In June, on the other hand, it is 14.5 hours. In India, it is 10.9 hours in December and 13.4 in June.
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