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Climate comparison

Australia

Papua New Guinea

Australia
All information: Australia
Papua New Guinea
All information: Papua New Guinea
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AustraliaPapua New Guinea
Climate zoneTropics to Temperate zoneTropics
Latitudes10° 35' S to 43° 2' S2° 2' S to 10° 37' S
Distance to equator1,200 - 4,800 km200 - 1,200 km
 
Annual valuesAustraliaPapua New Guinea
Ø Daytime maximum temperature24.40 °C30.40 °C
Ø Daily low temperature12.60 °C22.70 °C
Ø Water temperature26.30 °C27.90 °C
Ø Humidity64 %81 %
Precipitation664 mm2,595 mm
Rain days70.8 days178.8 days
Hours of sunshine2,920 hrs.2,081 hrs.

Colors of the following climate diagrams:
Papua New Guinea
Australia

Daily maximum temperatures

The highest daytime temperatures in Australia are reached in January with an average of 30.3 °C. The coldest month, on the other hand, is July, with an average of just 17.9 °C. In Papua New Guinea, December is the warmest month, with 31.0 °C. There, it is coolest in July with an average of 29.1 °C.

Night time lows

At night, it cools down to varying degrees depending on the country and altitude. In Australia, temperatures drop as low as 7.0 °C in July. The warmest nights are in January at 18.1 °C. In Papua New Guinea, it is coolest at night in July at 21.9 °C and warmest in December at 23.4 °C. This corresponds to a cooling of 10.4 to 12.7 °C in Australia and 7.2 to 8.0 °C in Papua New Guinea.

Water temperatures

Humidity

The humidity of the air depends to a large extent on the air temperature. The warmer the air, the more water it can absorb. At a temperature of 25°C it is 23 grams per cubic meter, at 30 degrees it is already 26 grams. Therefore, the air humidity is given as a relative value to the temperature-dependent maximum amount. It becomes unpleasant when high humidity is combined with high temperatures.

Humidex

Humidex is an approximate, sensed temperature calculated on the basis of air temperature, dew point and humidity. It was developed in 1965 by the Canadian meteorologists J. M. Masterton and F. A. Richardson. Since the wind speed is ignored here, it is not very meaningful in areas below approx. 15°C. Above that, it is more reliable, since at higher temperatures humidity plays a greater role than wind.

Rainy days per month

By definition, a rainy day is a day on which at least 0.1 liters of precipitation per m² fall. This corresponds to a 1 square meter puddle in which the water stands 0.1 mm high — insofar as the water does not seep away or evaporate. So it does not have to rain all day long. July brings the most rainy days (6.7) in Australia. With an average of only 5.2 days, April is the friendliest. In Papua New Guinea, it rains most often in January with 17.7 days.

Precipitation amount per day

Depending on the season and the location of a country, the wind brings a varying amount of water with it. As a rule, the water evaporating in the oceans is absorbed and then transported inland. The greatest amount of rain (hail or dew are also forms of precipitation) in Australia occurs in February, when about 3.0 liters per square meter fall per day. In Papua New Guinea, the average amount of precipitation ranges from 4.5 liters per day in August to 9.4 in March. However, these are average values. If you consider that there are only 17.2 rainy days in Papua New Guinea in March, each of them accounts for about 16.3 liters.

Sunshine hours per day

With 2,920 hours of sunshine per year, Australia is in the lead. The most hours of sunshine (9.1 per day) are in January. Papua New Guinea falls into second place with only 2,081 hours. There the sun is visible in January for only 4.9 hours per day, so not hidden behind clouds.

Hours of daylight

The length of a day varies throughout the year and depends on the distance from the equator. In June, the day in Australia is only 10.5 hours long. In December, on the other hand, it is 13.8 hours. In Papua New Guinea, it is 11.8 hours in June and 12.5 in January.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2022. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
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