Tsunamis in Australia

In a total of 41 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1805 a total of 222 people died in Australia. Tsunamis therefore occur comparatively often in this country.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Australia so far reached a height of 59 meters. At this Tsunami on 08/19/1977 a total of 11 people have been killed.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 03/11/2011. A tidal wave of up to 48 meters killed 12 humans and destroyed vast areas.

Other natural hazards in Australia:
Earthquake
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


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The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 160 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in Australia since 1922

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
03/02/2016Earthquake in Indonesia (Sw. Sumatra) with a magnitude of 7.8. The tsunami also reached Maldives, Indonesia, Thailand, Mauritius.20m10
09/16/2015Earthquake in Chile (Central Chile) with a magnitude of 8.3. The tsunami caused damages in 23 further countries. A total of 8 humans died.51m6
04/01/2014Earthquake in Chile (Northern Chile) with a magnitude of 8.2. The tsunami caused damages in 17 further countries.56m4
02/06/2013Earthquake on the Solomon Islands (Santa Cruz Islands) with a magnitude of 7.9. The tsunami caused damages in 23 further countries. A total of 10 humans died.27m8
10/28/2012Earthquake in Canada (British Columbia) with a magnitude of 7.7. The tsunami caused damages in 15 further countries.49m2
04/11/2012Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of N Sumatra) with a magnitude of 8.6. The tsunami caused damages in 9 further countries.55m4
03/11/2011Earthquake in Japan (Honshu Island) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 33 further countries. A total of 18,453 humans died.48m12
12/25/2010Earthquake in Vanuatu (Vanuatu Islands) with a magnitude of 7.3. The tsunami also reached Vanuatu, Fiji.45m2
10/25/2010Earthquake in Indonesia (Sumatra) with a magnitude of 7.8. The tsunami caused damages in 6 further countries. A total of 431 humans died.45m4
01/03/2010Earthquake on the Solomon Islands (Solomon Islands) with a magnitude of 7.1. The tsunami also reached Solomon Islands, Vanuatu.50m4
10/07/2009Earthquake in Vanuatu (Vanuatu Islands) with a magnitude of 7.6. The tsunami caused damages in 14 further countries.50m2
09/29/2009Earthquake in Samoa (Samoa Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1. The tsunami caused damages in 22 further countries. A total of 192 humans died.42m4
07/15/2009Earthquake in New Zealand (Off West Coast Of South Island) with a magnitude of 7.8. The tsunami also reached New Zealand, United States.39m4
09/30/2007Earthquake in New Zealand (Auckland Islands) with a magnitude of 7.4.57m7
09/12/2007Earthquake in Indonesia (Sumatra) with a magnitude of 8.4. The tsunami caused damages in 10 further countries.unknown2
04/01/2007Earthquake on the Solomon Islands (Solomon Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1. The tsunami caused damages in 10 further countries. A total of 50 humans died.44m4
07/17/2006Earthquake in Indonesia (South Of Java) with a magnitude of 7.7. The tsunami also reached Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritius, Reunion. A total of 802 humans died.50m10
03/28/2005Earthquake in Indonesia (Indonesia) with a magnitude of 8.7. The tsunami caused damages in 8 further countries. A total of 10 humans died.unknown2
12/26/2004Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of Sumatra) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 47 further countries. A total of 227,899 humans died.57m11
12/23/2004Earthquake in Australia (Macquarie Island) with a magnitude of 8.1.unknown4
08/21/2003Earthquake, landslide in New Zealand (South Island) with a magnitude of 7.2.39m2
06/18/2000Earthquake in Australia (South Indian Ocean) with a magnitude of 7.9.unknown2
10/09/1995Earthquake in Mexico (S. Mexico) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami also reached Mexico, United States, American Samoa, French Polynesia, Ecuador.unknown4
05/16/1995Earthquake in New Caledonia (Loyalty Islands) with a magnitude of 7.7. The tsunami caused damages in 6 further countries.unknown2
08/19/1977Earthquake in Indonesia (Sunda Islands) with a magnitude of 8.0.59m11
04/21/1977Earthquake on the Solomon Islands (Solomon Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1.50m6
04/20/1977Earthquake on the Solomon Islands (Solomon Islands) with a magnitude of 6.8. The tsunami also reached Solomon Islands, Samoa, Papua New Guinea.37m6
03/28/1964Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Prince William Sound, Ak) with a magnitude of 9.2. The tsunami caused damages in 27 further countries. A total of 124 humans died.45m6
05/22/1960Earthquake in Chile (Southern Chile) with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami caused damages in 31 further countries. A total of 2,226 humans died.45m36
11/11/1922Earthquake in Chile (Northern Chile) with a magnitude of 8.7. The tsunami caused damages in 9 further countries. A total of 200 humans died.unknown2


These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated.