Tsunamis in Australia
In a total of 4 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1805 a total of 0 people died in Australia. Tsunamis therefore occur only rarely here.
The strongest tidal wave registered in Australia so far reached a height of 6.0 meters. At this Tsunami on 08/19/1977 no losses of human lifes have been registered.
The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 05/08/1805. Other natural hazards in Australia:
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The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 220 years.
Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.
The largest tsunamis in Australia since 1805
|Date||Cause||max wave height||Deaths||Total damage|
|08/19/1977||Earthquake in Indonesia (Sunda Islands) with a magnitude of 8.0.||6.0 m||0|
|08/27/1883||Volcano in Indonesia (Krakatau) The tsunami also reached Sri Lanka, Reunion, Indonesia, India, New Zealand. A total of 34,417 humans died.||1.8 m||0|
|08/13/1868||Earthquake in Chile (Northern Chile) with a magnitude of 8.5. The tsunami caused damages in 6 further countries. A total of 25,000 humans died.||1.3 m||0|
|05/08/1805||Eruption in Australia (Norfolk Island)||5.0 m||0|
These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K
. Several data have been summarized and translated.
All information without guarantee.