Transport and infrastructure in AustraliaOur listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Australia with the average of all countries in the Australian continent. Overall, the traffic routes are above average and in good condition.
In terms of the length of its rail network, Australia ranks 4th in the world with 1.30 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 33,343 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 413.49 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 17.59 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018.
The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 25,760 km of coastline. In 2020, about 8.66 million freight containers were transported.
› Airports in Australia
Back to overview: Australia
Road trafficThe network of roads and highways has a total length of 873,573 km. For each of the country's 25.69 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 34.01 meters. This puts Australia in 15th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 3 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.
With an average of 1278 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Australia is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 5.3 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.
In Australia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||873,600 km||34,008.32 km||112.85 m|
|Railroads||33,300 km||1,298.05 km||4.31 m|
|Waterways||2,000 km||77.86 km||0.26 m|
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||967,800 km||31,447.18 km||120.84 m|
|Railroads||37,500 km||1,218.13 km||4.68 m|
|Waterways||2,000 km||64.99 km||0.25 m|
Data sources used• Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
• Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
• CIA Factbook
• OECD Statistics
• Wikipedia (german)