Due to Australia's location in the southern hemisphere, the seasons are reversed here. The coldest months are in our summer, while the warmest months are in our winter. In 7 months the average daily maximum temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 28 degrees invite you to swim in many coastal areas. Essentially, Australia can be divided into 4 climate zones:In the north
there is a tropical climate with cyclones and heavy monsoon rains between November and April. At this time of the year, the temperatures are around 30°C in many places. Even at night it only cools to around 25°C. The heaviest rainfalls and highest humidity are in the northwest of the country at the Pacific Ocean.
New South Wales and Queensland on the western coast to the Pacific Ocean
lie in a subtropical climate zone. This means a high humidity almost all year round with higher temperatures and pronounced rainy seasons. The vegetation in these areas is equally attractive.
In the north of Queensland, according to rumours, the temperature of 68°C was measured sometime, but there seems to be neither a place nor a date for this. Instead, the Australian Bureau of Meteorolgy officially reports a heat record of 49.5°C on 24 December 1972. The hottest temperature ever measured throughout Australia was 50.7°C and was recorded in South Australia on 2 January 1960.The south of Australia
lies in a predominantly temperate climate zone. Even the island of Tasmania to the south lies only at the 42nd degree of latitude and is thus approximately as far away from the equator as, for example, Corsica. The air temperatures here are correspondingly warm, only the water temperatures are significantly lower due to the oceanic currents.
Almost 80% of the country and thus almost the entire interior
consists of semi-arid steppes and uninhabited arid deserts. The further away one is from the coasts, the hotter it gets and the lower the precipitation. Even in the cooler seasons the temperatures are always above 20°C. The hottest areas are in the central to northern part of Western Australia. Here it is 40-45°C hot in the Australian summer and there are areas where no rain falls for years.
› Duration of daylight and sunshine in Australia
hours of sunshine per day rainy days per month Precipitation in mm/day Relative humidity in % Water temperature Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)
Long-term development of temperatures from 1974 - 2018
In the years 1974 to 2018 there were only 6 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values. From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was Januar 2018 with 28.4 °C. Juli 1982 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 12.9 °C.
The average annual temperature was about 20.5 °C in the years after 1974 and about 21.9 °C in the last years before 2018. So in less than 45 years it has increased by about 1.4 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 6 weather stations in Australia. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming
has been provided separately.