The climate in Vietnam

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 27 measuring stations in Vietnam.
Weather stations at an altitude above 680m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Climate zone: tropics

High humidity in Vietnam and high temperatures are causing a pleasant weather at times, but also and partly tropical hot and humid. It is warm to hot all year round and invites to bathe at average water temperatures of 26 degrees. Because of the lower temperatures the best time for traveling is from December to February.Try to avoid the rainy season from July to October.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Vietnam

hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Vietnam
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Vietnam
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Vietnam
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Vietnam
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Vietnam
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in Vietnam

Temperature records of the last 72 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to June 2021 was reported by the Hanoi weather station. In June 2017 the record temperature of 42.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 17 weather stations in Vietnam below 680 metres altitude, was recorded in 2020 with an average temperature of 28.9 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 28.0 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 33.2 °C.

The coldest day in these 72 years was reported by the weather station Lang Son. Here the temperature dropped to 0.3 °C in January 2014. Lang Son lies at an altitude of 263 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1980 with an average temperature of 15.2 °C. In Vietnam, it is usual to have about 7.0 degrees more at 22.2 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in November 2004. With 50.9 mm per day, the Hue weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 72 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Hue. The driest region is near Phan Thiet.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1998 - 2020

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 4 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1998 to 2020 there were only these 4 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Da Nang, Nha Trang, Vinh, Haiphong). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was 2019 with 31.1 °C. 2008 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 17.5 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 25.3 °C in the years after 1998 and about 25.9 °C in the last years before 2020. It has therefore increased only slightly by about 0.6 °C over the past 23 years. This trend only applies to the selected 4 weather stations in Vietnam. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Vietnam

More detailed information on global warming with a view by continent can also be found on our topic page on climate change. Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.