Climate zone: The northern part of Uzbekistan is located in the temperate climatic zone, while the southern part is subtropical.
The climate in Uzbekistan widely corresponds to the German weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to September. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from November to March.
› Duration of daylight and sunshine in Uzbekistan
hours of sunshine per day rainy days per month Precipitation in mm/day Relative humidity in % Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)
Temperature records of the last 63 years
The hottest temperature measured from 1957 to October 2020 was reported by the Termez weather station. In August 2019 the record temperature of 45.6 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 12 weather stations in Uzbekistan below 1300 metres altitude, was recorded in 1998 with an average temperature of 28.6 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 25.7 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 34.9 °C.
The coldest day in these 63 years was reported by the weather station Tashkent. Here the temperature dropped to -17.4 °C in January 2008. Tashkent lies at an altitude of 488 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1969 with an average temperature of -5.6 °C. In Uzbekistan, it is usual to have about 8.8 degrees more at 3.2 °C for this three-month period.
Long-term development of temperatures from 1999 - 2019
In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 3 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.
In the years 1999 to 2019 there were only these 3 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Chimbaj, Tamdybulaq, Tashkent). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was 2019 with 31.8 °C. 2008 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -11.7 °C.
The average annual temperature was about 14.3 °C in the years after 1999 and about 14.8 °C in the last years before 2019. It has therefore increased only slightly by about 0.5 °C over the past 21 years. This trend only applies to the selected 3 weather stations in Uzbekistan. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming
has been provided separately.
More detailed information on global warming with a view by continent can also be found on our topic page on climate change
. Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.