The climate in Uzbekistan

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 14 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1300m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
Back to overview: Uzbekistan
Climate zone: The northern part of Uzbekistan is located in the temperate climatic zone, while the southern part is subtropical.
The climate in Uzbekistan is quite varied, but generally does not offer extreme climatic conditions. It is cold, wet and some nice summer months are also present. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Surxondaryo. The coldest is Karakalpakstan. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to September. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Uzbekistan
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Uzbekistan
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Uzbekistan
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Uzbekistan
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Uzbekistan
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Uzbekistan

Regions in Uzbekistan

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.
max Ø day
min Ø night
Bukhara22.8 °C9.6 °C3,030 h26 131 l
Fergana21.0 °C9.4 °C2,519 h37 190 l
Karakalpakstan19.7 °C7.0 °C2,920 h24 120 l
Namangan21.3 °C10.2 °C2,665 h41 208 l
Qashqadaryo22.8 °C10.1 °C2,811 h46 296 l
Samarqand21.4 °C9.4 °C2,811 h56 358 l
Surxondaryo25.7 °C10.7 °C3,176 h30 164 l
Toshkent19.9 °C8.0 °C2,701 h52 464 l
Toshkent Shahri22.0 °C9.6 °C2,738 h61 453 l
Xorazm19.9 °C7.5 °C22 139 l

Temperature records of the last 65 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1957 to September 2022 was reported by the Buzaubaj weather station. In July 2022 the record temperature of 47.4 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 12 weather stations in Uzbekistan below 1300 metres altitude, was recorded in 1998 with an average temperature of 28.6 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 25.8 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 34.9 °C.
The coldest day in these 65 years was reported by the weather station Ak Bajtal. Here the temperature dropped to -21.1 °C in January 2021. Ak Bajtal lies at an altitude of 233 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1969 with an average temperature of -5.6 °C. In Uzbekistan, it is usual to have about 8.9 degrees more at 3.3 °C for this three-month period.
The most precipitation fell in February 1993. With 6.5 mm per day, the Tashkent weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 65 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Tashkent. The driest region is near Buzaubaj.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1999 - 2021

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 3 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.
In the years 1999 to 2021 there were only these 3 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Chimbaj, Tashkent, Tamdybulaq). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was July 2019 with 31.8 °C. January 2008 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -11.7 °C.
The average annual temperature was about 14.3 °C in the years after 1999 and about 14.7 °C in the last years before 2021. So over the past 23 years it has only increased by a minimal 0.4 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 3 weather stations in Uzbekistan. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.
Long-term development of temperatures in Uzbekistan

Data basis and methodology

The data of the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average. There are 12 stations in Uzbekistan itself. In 2 cases, neighboring but nearby weather stations were also used to obtain more accurate values.
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