Transport and infrastructure in TurkeyOur listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Turkey with the average of all countries in Asia. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.
In terms of the length of its rail network, Turkey ranks 77th in the world with 0.12 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 10,378 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 14.71 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 8.94 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018.
The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 7,200 km of coastline. In 2019, about 11.68 million freight containers were transported.
› Airports in Turkey
Back to overview: Turkey
Road trafficThe network of roads and highways has a total length of 67,333 km. For each of the country's 84.34 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.80 meters. This puts Turkey in 215th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 107 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.
With an average of 7413 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Turkey is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 9.3 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.
In Turkey, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||67,300 km||798.36 km||85.74 m|
|Railroads||10,400 km||123.05 km||13.21 m|
|Waterways||1,200 km||14.23 km||1.53 m|
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||14,699,500 km||3,186.29 km||459.66 m|
|Railroads||280,000 km||60.70 km||8.76 m|
|Waterways||260,300 km||56.42 km||8.14 m|
Data sources used• Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
• Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
• CIA Factbook
• OECD Statistics
• Wikipedia (german)