Telecommunication in TurkeyCompared to the European Union, Turkey has a slight downturn in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +90, there were a total of 94.58 million connections in 2020. Among them were 82.13 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.97 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.
With about 7.09 million webhosts, Turkey is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 570,108 million of these, or about 8 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.
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Development of telephone and internet connectionsWith an average download speed of 29.09 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Turkey ranked 101st in an international comparison. The upload rate of only 5.7 Mbit/second was significantly lower (141st place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 5th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, Turkey comes 58th with a download speed of 32.17 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 13 Mbit was enough for 34th place.
The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in April 2022 from 181 countries.
The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.
Access to the Internet in Turkey from 1990 - 2020
Broadband internet in Turkey 2001 - 2020Turkey is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband Internet connections. Around 78% of all residents have access to the Internet. Around 20% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the Internet via mobile communications. With around 3.3 people per household, this means that around 65.5 percent of all households are equipped with a fast Internet connection.
Landlines 1990 - 2020
Mobile phones 1990 - 2020
|Distribution in 2020||Turkey|
|Internet users||65.51 m||77.67 %||379.21 m||84.74 %|
|Broadband users||16.73 m||19.84 %||163.72 m||36.59 %|
|Landlines||12.45 m||14.76 %||160.15 m||35.79 %|
|Mobile cellulars||82.13 m||97.38 %||540.56 m||120.80 %|