Telecommunication in Turkey

Compared to the European Union, Turkey is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +90, there were a total of 92.32 million connections in 2019. Among them were 80.79 million million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.97 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.

In the expansion of broadband Internet connections, Turkey is back. Around 74% of all residents have access to the Internet. Approximately 17% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the previous ISDN (more than 2048 kbit/s).

With about 7.09 million webhosts, Turkey is below the world's average by population.


Back to overview: Turkey

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 29.10 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Turkey ranked 102nd in an international comparison. The upload rate of only 8.0 Mbit/second was significantly lower (153rd place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 13th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, Turkey comes 58th with a download speed of 36.32 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 15 Mbit was only enough for 37th place.

The "Speedtest Global Index" published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in November 2020 from 176 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.


Access to the Internet in Turkey from 1990 - 2019




Broadband internet in Turkey 2001 - 2019




Landlines 1990 - 2019




Mobile phones 1990 - 2019




Spreading in 2019Turkey
Total
Turkey
percent
EU
Total
EU
percent
Broadband users14.23 m17.06 %157.90 m35.28 %
Landlines11.53 m13.82 %166.16 m37.13 %
Mobile cellulars80.79 m96.84 %547.36 m122.31 %