The climate in Turkey

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 129 measuring stations in Turkey.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1800m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Turkey

Climate zone: The northern part of Turkey is located in the temperate climatic zone, while the southern part is subtropical.

The climate in Turkey widely corresponds to the German weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening. A beach holiday can be enjoyed in the warmer season with water temperatures up to 24 degrees. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to September. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from November to March.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Turkey

hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Turkey
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Turkey
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Turkey
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Turkey
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Turkey
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in Turkey

Temperature records of the last 72 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to June 2021 was reported by the Finike weather station. In October 2010 the record temperature of 52.8 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 63 weather stations in Turkey below 1800 metres altitude, was recorded in 2010 with an average temperature of 25.4 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 23.4 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 32.3 °C.

The coldest day in these 72 years was reported by the weather station Erzurum. Here the temperature dropped to -36.0 °C in January 2009. Erzurum lies at an altitude of 1758 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1949 with an average temperature of 1.0 °C. In Turkey, it is usual to have about 3.7 degrees more at 4.6 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in Juli 2009. With 322.5 mm per day, the Izmir weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 72 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Rize. The driest region is near Konya.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1949 - 2020

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 8 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1949 to 2020 there were only these 8 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values. From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was 2010 with 27.7 °C. 1950 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -3.1 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 12.6 °C in the years after 1949 and about 14.4 °C in the last years before 2020. So in less than 72 years it has increased by about 1.9 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 8 weather stations in Turkey. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Turkey

More detailed information on global warming with a view by continent can also be found on our topic page on climate change. Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.