Climate zone: The northern part of Turkey is located in the temperate climatic zone, while the southern part is subtropical.
The climate in Turkey widely corresponds to the German weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening. A beach holiday can be enjoyed in the warmer season with water temperatures up to 24 degrees. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to September. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from November to March.
› Duration of daylight and sunshine in Turkey
hours of sunshine per day rainy days per month Precipitation in mm/day Relative humidity in % Water temperature Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)
Long-term development of temperatures from 1949 - 2018
In the years 1949 to 2018 there were only 8 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values. From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was August 2010 with 27.7 °C. Januar 1950 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -3.1 °C.
The average annual temperature was about 12.6 °C in the years after 1949 and about 14.2 °C in the last years before 2018. So in less than 70 years it has increased by about 1.6 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 8 weather stations in Turkey. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming
has been provided separately.