The climate in Turkey

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 66 measuring stations in Turkey.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1800m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


Back to overview: Turkey

Climate zone: The northern part of Turkey is located in the temperate climatic zone, while the southern part is subtropical.

The climate in Turkey widely corresponds to the German weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening. A beach holiday can be enjoyed in the warmer season with water temperatures up to 24 degrees. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to September. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from November to March.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Turkey

hours of sunshine per day
Sunshine hours per day in Turkey

Climate charts for other regions in Turkey

Istanbul
Izmir
Kahramanmaras
Kars
Kastamonu
Kayseri
Kirsehir
Konya
Kütahya
Malatya
Mardin
Mersin
Mugla
Mus
Nevsehir
Nigde
Rize
Sakarya
Samsun
Sanliurfa
Siirt
Sinop
Sivas
Tekirdag
Tokat
Usak
Van
Yozgat
Zonguldak
Adana
Adiyaman
Afyonkarahisar
Agri
Ankara
Antalya
Artvin
Aydin
Balikesir
Batman
Bingöl
Bolu
Burdur
Bursa
Çanakkale
Cankiri
Çorum
Denizli
Diyarbakir
Edirne
Elazig
Erzincan
Erzurum
Eskisehir
Gaziantep
Giresun
Gumushane
Hakkâri
Hatay
Isparta
rainy days per month
Rainy days per month in Turkey
Precipitation in mm/day
Precipitation in Turkey
Relative humidity in %
Relative humidity in Turkey
Water temperature
Water temperatures in Turkey
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)
Absolute humidity in Turkey

Long-term development of temperatures from 1949 - 2018

In the years 1949 to 2018 there were only 8 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values. From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was August 2010 with 27.7 °C. Januar 1950 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -3.1 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 12.6 °C in the years after 1949 and about 14.2 °C in the last years before 2018. So in less than 70 years it has increased by about 1.6 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 8 weather stations in Turkey. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Turkey