Climate in Mediterranean region

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 14 measuring weather stations in Mediterranean region.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1260m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
Back to overview: Turkey
Mediterranean region is one of the warmest region in Turkey with an average daily high temperature of 22 degrees. In 6 months the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 28 degrees even invite you to take a bath in the warm season. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to September. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Overview: Climate in Turkey
Daylengths and sun positions in Turkey
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Mediterranean region
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 11 hours per day, July is the sunniest month in the region of Mediterranean region. In January the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Mediterranean region
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 10 rainy days, January offers the most number of rainy days, and in August the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Mediterranean region
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.2 mm, the least rain falls in July. January, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Mediterranean region
Water temperature depends not only on solar radiation within the same region, but also on ocean currents. For example, depending on the season, cold or warm water masses are moved from other areas. The warmest temperatures in Mediterranean region are in August, when the water is 28 °C.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Mediterranean region
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 75%, January is the most uncomfortable. In July, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Mediterranean region
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is only reached in a few months in Mediterranean region, although these are always average values.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Mediterranean region
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Map of Mediterranean region

Most important cities in Mediterranean region

Alone 4 major cities with over 500,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 700 km and over 270 km from north to south.
It consists of the eight provinces Adana, Antalya, Burdur, Hatay, Isparta, Kahramanmaras, Mersin and Osmaniye.

CityPopulationGeo position
Adana1,768,86037° 0' 6"N35° 19' 44"E
Antalya1,068,09936° 54' 29"N30° 41' 44"E
Mercin974,09136° 47' 43"N34° 37' 5"E
Kahramanmaras517,92337° 35' 5"N36° 55' 35"E
Antakya341,19636° 12' 24"N36° 9' 26"E
Tarsus262,04936° 55' 8"N34° 52' 42"E
Isparta236,74937° 45' 52"N30° 33' 8"E
Osmaniye231,73937° 4' 27"N36° 14' 52"E
Iskenderun186,97136° 35' 14"N36° 10' 24"E
Alanya167,09336° 32' 38"N31° 59' 59"E
Manavgat99,25436° 47' 12"N31° 26' 35"E
Ceyhan96,30337° 1' 29"N35° 49' 3"E
Kozan88,11537° 27' 19"N35° 48' 57"E
Elbistan80,45638° 12' 21"N37° 11' 54"E
Silifke75,31536° 22' 40"N33° 56' 4"E
Belek73,26036° 51' 46"N31° 3' 20"E
Kadirli70,24837° 22' 26"N36° 5' 46"E
Burdur66,15837° 43' 13"N30° 17' 27"E
Kirikhan60,91636° 29' 58"N36° 21' 27"E
Anamur57,12836° 4' 30"N32° 50' 13"E
Reyhanli56,99536° 16' 4"N36° 34' 3"E
Dörtyol56,51336° 51' 42"N36° 13' 44"E
Mut49,39736° 38' 38"N33° 26' 20"E
Erdemli46,57036° 36' 18"N34° 18' 30"E
Afsin39,61338° 14' 52"N36° 54' 50"E
Yalvaç39,14538° 17' 44"N31° 10' 40"E
Serik36,92536° 55' 1"N31° 5' 56"E
Göksun34,24338° 1' 15"N36° 29' 50"E
Sarkikaraagac32,77138° 4' 46"N31° 21' 59"E
Imamoglu31,91637° 15' 54"N35° 39' 26"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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