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Typhoons in South Korea

Typhoons occurfrequently in South Korea. On average, they happen about 7 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Jeju-do, Gangwon-do and Gyeongsangnam-do.

The typhoon season in the Pacific usually begins with less severe storms in April and does not end until November. The most severe typhoons usually occur in August and September.

The most severe typhoon to make landfall in South Korea in the past 12 months was »Hinnamnor«. It reached a wind speed of up to 150 km/h on September 6, 2022 at 6:00 am local time near Ungsang and was 14 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a category 1 typhoon. On the open sea, speeds of up to 256 km/h were even measured (category 5).

Other natural hazards in South Korea:
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Back to overview: South Korea

Current typhoon: Nanmadol

On September 13, 2022 at 3:00 am, typhoon »Nanmadol« formed in the Northwest Pacific with an initial wind speed of 46 km/h. The storm system initially moved at 19 km/h 0 km/h and reached a diameter of 130 kilometers in the meantime. The storm was named Nanmadol on September 13, 2022 at 12:00 pm, when it was already in the mainland area of South Korea. At September 17, 2022 at 3:00 am, it reached its highest wind speed to date of 248 kilometers per hour. This corresponds to a typhoon of category 4.

On September 20, 2022 at 3:00 am, Nanmadol made landfall near the city of Nanao in Japan. At that time, the typhoon had a wind speed of 83 km/h and a diameter of 111 kilometers.

Nanmadol has since subsided and is no longer under observation by the authorities. Its last position was about 41 km north of the Japanon September 19th at 9:00 pm .

Current satellite image of the western Pacific

 
Move the timeline below the image to see previous shots.
05.10.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent typhoons in South Korea since 2018

Nanmadol: September 12-19, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 248 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 917 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On September 19th, 2022 at 9:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 215 km southwest of Gijang in Busan.

Muifa: September 6-16, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 213 km/h
Diameter:
max. 148 km
Air pressure:
below 942 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On September 15th, 2022 at 6:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 488 km east of Gaigeturi in Jeju-do.

Hinnamnor: August 28 to September 6, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 256 km/h
on land:
max. 150 km/h
Diameter:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 915 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
Affected regions
Gyeongsangnam-do

Aere: June 30 to July 9, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 574 km
Air pressure:
below 988 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On July 05th, 2022 at 6:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 231 km southwest of Kyosai in Gyeongsangnam-do.

Chanthu: September 6-18, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 274 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 908 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On September 17th, 2021 at 6:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 82 km southwest of Seogwipo in Jeju-do.

Omais: August 10-24, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 94 km/h
on land:
max. 46 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 993 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Ulsan

Lupit: August 2-10, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 100 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 976 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On August 09th, 2021 at 3:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 338 km southwest of Gijang in Busan.

In Fa: July 16-30, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 176 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 148 km
Air pressure:
below 951 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On July 25th, 2021 at 12:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 525 km southeast of Seogwipo in Jeju-do.

Chan Hom: October 3-19, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
Diameter:
max. 889 km
Eye:
max. 111 km
Air pressure:
below 965 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On October 09th, 2020 at 9:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 652 km southwest of Gijang in Busan.

Haishen: August 30 to September 10, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 250 km/h
on land:
max. 157 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1482 km
Eye:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 910 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
Gangwon-do

Maysak: August 26 to September 7, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 176 km/h
on land:
max. 157 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1111 km
Eye:
max. 148 km
Air pressure:
below 935 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
Gangwon-do

Bavi: August 20-29, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 185 km/h
on land:
max. 148 km/h
Diameter:
max. 667 km
Eye:
max. 111 km
Air pressure:
below 942 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Affected regions
Jeollanam-do
Chungcheongnam-do
Incheon

Jangmi: August 6-14, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
on land:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 722 km
Air pressure:
below 990 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
Gyeongsangbuk-do
Gangwon-do

Hagupit: July 30 to August 12, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Air pressure:
below 971 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On August 06th, 2020 at 6:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 75 km north of Munsan in Gyeonggi-do.

Mitag: September 24 to October 5, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 143 km/h
on land:
max. 93 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1111 km
Air pressure:
below 965 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Jeollanam-do
Daegu
Gyeongsangbuk-do
Gangwon-do

Tapah: September 17-23, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
on land:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1148 km
Eye:
max. 167 km
Air pressure:
below 970 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
Busan
Ulsan

Lingling: August 30 to September 12, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 207 km/h
on land:
max. 176 km/h
Diameter:
max. 852 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 935 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Jeollanam-do
Chungcheongnam-do
Incheon

Krosa: August 4-17, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 185 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1759 km
Air pressure:
below 945 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On August 15th, 2019 at 6:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 320 km west of Ulsan.

Francisco: August 1-11, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
on land:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 970 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Busan
Gyeongsangbuk-do
Gangwon-do

Danas: July 14-23, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1148 km
Air pressure:
below 984 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Jeollanam-do
Jeollabuk-do
Daejeon
Gangwon-do


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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