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Typhoons in South Korea

Typhoons occurfrequently in South Korea. On average, they happen about 6 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Jeju-do, Gangwon-do and Gyeongsangnam-do.

The typhoon season in the Pacific usually begins with less severe storms in April and does not end until November. The most severe typhoons usually occur in August and September.

The most severe typhoon to make landfall in South Korea in the past 12 months was »Omais«. It reached a wind speed of up to 46 km/h on August 24, 2021 at 3:00 am local time near Ulsan and was 32 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a tropical depression typhoon. On the open sea, speeds of up to 94 km/h were even measured (tropical storm).

Other natural hazards in South Korea:
Tsunamis
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Back to overview: South Korea

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21.05.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent typhoons in South Korea since 2018

Chanthu: 6th to 18th September 2021

Wind speed:
max. 274 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 908 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On September 17th, 2021 at 6:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 82 km southwest of Seogwipo in Jeju-do.

Omais: 10th to 24th August 2021

Wind speed:
max. 94 km/h
on land:
max. 46 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 993 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Ulsan

Lupit: 2nd to 10th August 2021

Wind speed:
max. 100 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 976 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On August 09th, 2021 at 3:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 338 km southwest of Gijang in Busan.

In Fa: 16th to 30th July 2021

Wind speed:
max. 176 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 148 km
Air pressure:
below 951 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On July 25th, 2021 at 12:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 525 km southeast of Seogwipo in Jeju-do.

Choi Wan: 29th May to 6th June 2021

Wind speed:
max. 94 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 986 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On June 06th, 2021 at 12:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 587 km southwest of Seogwipo in Jeju-do.

Chan Hom: 3rd to 19th October 2020

Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
Diameter:
max. 889 km
Eye:
max. 111 km
Air pressure:
below 965 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On October 09th, 2020 at 9:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 652 km southwest of Gijang in Busan.

Haishen: 30th August to 10th September 2020

Wind speed:
max. 250 km/h
on land:
max. 157 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1482 km
Eye:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 910 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
Gangwon-do

Maysak: 26th August to 7th September 2020

Wind speed:
max. 176 km/h
on land:
max. 157 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1111 km
Eye:
max. 148 km
Air pressure:
below 935 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
Gangwon-do

Bavi: 20th to 29th August 2020

Wind speed:
max. 185 km/h
on land:
max. 148 km/h
Diameter:
max. 667 km
Eye:
max. 111 km
Air pressure:
below 942 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Affected regions
Jeollanam-do
Chungcheongnam-do
Incheon

Jangmi: 6th to 14th August 2020

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
on land:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 722 km
Air pressure:
below 990 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
Gyeongsangbuk-do
Gangwon-do

Hagupit: 30th July to 12th August 2020

Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Air pressure:
below 971 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On August 06th, 2020 at 6:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 75 km north of Munsan in Gyeonggi-do.

Mitag: 24th September to 5th October 2019

Wind speed:
max. 143 km/h
on land:
max. 93 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1111 km
Air pressure:
below 965 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Jeollanam-do
Daegu
Gyeongsangbuk-do
Gangwon-do

Tapah: 17th to 23rd September 2019

Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
on land:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1148 km
Eye:
max. 167 km
Air pressure:
below 970 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
Busan
Ulsan

Lingling: 30th August to 12th September 2019

Wind speed:
max. 207 km/h
on land:
max. 176 km/h
Diameter:
max. 852 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 935 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Jeollanam-do
Chungcheongnam-do
Incheon

Krosa: 4th to 17th August 2019

Wind speed:
max. 185 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1759 km
Air pressure:
below 945 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On August 15th, 2019 at 6:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 320 km west of Ulsan.

Francisco: 1st to 11th August 2019

Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
on land:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 970 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Busan
Gyeongsangbuk-do
Gangwon-do

Danas: 14th to 23rd July 2019

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1148 km
Air pressure:
below 984 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Jeju-do
Jeollanam-do
Jeollabuk-do
Daejeon
Gangwon-do


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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