Transport and infrastructure in Saudi Arabia

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Saudi Arabia with the average of all countries in Asia. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Saudi Arabia ranks 72nd in the world with 0.15 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 5,410 kilometers long. Passenger traffic reached 134.65 million passenger-kilometers in 2018.

Airports in Saudi Arabia

Back to overview: Saudi Arabia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 221,372 km. For each of the country's 35.95 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 6.16 meters. This puts Saudi Arabia in 89th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 17 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 9939 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Saudi Arabia is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to 29.4 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Saudi Arabia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.


Saudi Arabia

 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways221,400 km6,157.71 km102.98 m
Railroads5,400 km150.49 km2.52 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors39210.900.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways16,613,000 km3,524.24 km519.50 m
Railroads280,000 km59.41 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.21 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors45,9989.760.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Saudi Arabia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in Saudi ArabiaThe 26 biggest airports and 3 airlines in Saudi Arabia with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Saudi Arabia: ClimateClimate and temperature development in Saudi ArabiaA climate analysis for Saudi Arabia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing