Transport and infrastructure in Saudi Arabia

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Saudi Arabia with the average of all countries in Asia. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Saudi Arabia ranks 71st in the world with 0.15 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 5,410 kilometers long. Passenger traffic reached 134.65 million passenger-kilometers in 2018.

Airports in Saudi Arabia

Back to overview: Saudi Arabia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 221,372 km. For each of the country's 35.34 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 6.26 meters. This puts Saudi Arabia in 90th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 16 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 9476 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Saudi Arabia is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 29.1 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Saudi Arabia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.


Saudi Arabia

 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways221,400 km6,263.94 km102.98 m
Railroads5,400 km153.08 km2.52 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors39211.090.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways14,699,500 km3,162.10 km459.66 m
Railroads280,000 km60.24 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.99 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors46,0549.910.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Saudi Arabia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in Saudi ArabiaThe 26 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Saudi Arabia with further information and data
Saudi Arabia: ClimateClimate and temperature development in Saudi ArabiaA climate analysis for Saudi Arabia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing