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Typhoons in the Philippines

Typhoons occur very often in the Philippines. On average, they happen about 16 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Cagayan Valley, Bicol and Calabarzon.

The typhoon season in the Pacific usually begins with less severe storms in April and does not end until November. The most severe typhoons usually occur in August and September.

The most severe typhoon to make landfall in the Philippines in the past 12 months was »Chanthu«. It reached a wind speed of up to 267 km/h on September 11, 2021 at 8:00 am local time near Basco and was 11 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a category 5 typhoon. On the open sea, speeds of up to 274 km/h were even measured.

Other natural hazards in the Philippines:
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Earthquake
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21.05.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent typhoons in the Philippines since 2018

Rai: 13th to 21st December 2021

Wind speed:
max. 267 km/h
on land:
max. 237 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 915 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
Affected regions
Caraga
Central Visayas
Western Visayas
Mimaropa

Chanthu: 6th to 18th September 2021

Wind speed:
max. 274 km/h
on land:
max. 267 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 908 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
Affected regions
Cagayan Valley

In Fa: 16th to 30th July 2021

Wind speed:
max. 176 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 951 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
Local warning level:
TCWS 4
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On July 22nd, 2021 at 5:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 518 km northwest of Basco in Cagayan Valley.

Surigae: 13th to 25th April 2021

Wind speed:
max. 306 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Eye:
max. 185 km
Air pressure:
below 888 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On April 18th, 2021 at 8:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 212 km northwest of Arteche in Eastern Visayas.

Vamco: 8th to 16th November 2020

Wind speed:
max. 207 km/h
on land:
max. 180 km/h
Diameter:
max. 778 km
Eye:
max. 74 km
Air pressure:
below 948 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
Affected regions
Bicol
Calabarzon
Central Luzon

Goni: 25th October to 6th November 2020

Wind speed:
max. 309 km/h
on land:
max. 278 km/h
Diameter:
max. 611 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 888 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
Affected regions
Bicol
Calabarzon
Central Luzon

Molave: 21st to 29th October 2020

Wind speed:
max. 189 km/h
on land:
max. 152 km/h
Diameter:
max. 889 km
Air pressure:
below 940 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
Affected regions
Eastern Visayas
Bicol
Calabarzon
Mimaropa

Saudel: 16th to 26th October 2020

Wind speed:
max. 133 km/h
on land:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 722 km
Air pressure:
below 975 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Local warning level:
TCWS 4
Affected regions
Cagayan Valley
Central Luzon
Ilocos

Maysak: 26th August to 7th September 2020

Wind speed:
max. 176 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1111 km
Air pressure:
below 935 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
Local warning level:
TCWS 4
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On August 29th, 2020 at 11:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 603 km northwest of Pandan in Bicol.

Vongfong: 8th to 18th May 2020

Wind speed:
max. 180 km/h
Diameter:
max. 278 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 960 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Local warning level:
TCWS 4
Affected regions
Eastern Visayas
Bicol
Calabarzon
Central Luzon
Ilocos

Phanfone: 19th to 29th December 2019

Wind speed:
max. 194 km/h
Diameter:
max. 389 km
Eye:
max. 74 km
Air pressure:
below 958 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
Affected regions
Eastern Visayas
Western Visayas
Mimaropa

Kammuri: 24th November to 6th December 2019

Wind speed:
max. 217 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1000 km
Eye:
max. 167 km
Air pressure:
below 940 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
Affected regions
Eastern Visayas
Bicol
Calabarzon
Mimaropa

Kalmaegi: 9th to 22nd November 2019

Wind speed:
max. 161 km/h
Diameter:
max. 722 km
Eye:
max. 74 km
Air pressure:
below 964 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
Local warning level:
TCWS 4
Affected regions
Cagayan Valley
Cordillera
Ilocos
Central Luzon

Nakri: 4th to 11th November 2019

Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 889 km
Air pressure:
below 975 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Local warning level:
TCWS 4
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On November 07th, 2019 at 8:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 324 km east of Lubang in Mimaropa.

Mitag: 24th September to 5th October 2019

Wind speed:
max. 143 km/h
on land:
max. 130 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1111 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 965 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Local warning level:
TCWS 4
Affected regions
Cagayan Valley

Tapah: 17th to 23rd September 2019

Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1148 km
Air pressure:
below 970 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Local warning level:
TCWS 4
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On September 20th, 2019 at 11:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 656 km northwest of Basco in Cagayan Valley.

Lingling: 30th August to 12th September 2019

Wind speed:
max. 207 km/h
Diameter:
max. 852 km
Eye:
max. 74 km
Air pressure:
below 935 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On September 03rd, 2019 at 11:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 207 km west of Basco in Cagayan Valley.

Bailu: 19th to 26th August 2019

Wind speed:
max. 106 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1111 km
Air pressure:
below 980 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Local warning level:
TCWS 3
Affected regions
Cagayan Valley

Lekima: 2nd to 14th August 2019

Wind speed:
max. 217 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1159 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 918 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Local warning level:
TCWS 5
The typhoon did not make direct landfall. On August 08th, 2019 at 8:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 484 km northwest of Basco in Cagayan Valley.

Danas: 14th to 23rd July 2019

Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
on land:
max. 65 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1148 km
Air pressure:
below 984 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Local warning level:
TCWS 2
Affected regions
Cagayan Valley


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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