Tsunamis in the Philippines

In a total of 46 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1627 a total of 507 people died in the Philippines. Tsunamis therefore occur comparatively often in this country.

The strongest tidal wave registered in the Philippines so far reached a height of 58 meters. At this Tsunami on 07/06/2011 a total of 4 people have been killed.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 08/31/2012. A tidal wave of up to 51 meters killed 7 humans and destroyed vast areas.

Other natural hazards in the Philippines:
Volcanos
Earthquake
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


Back to overview: Philippines

The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 400 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in the Philippines since 1897

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
04/28/2017Earthquake in the Philippines (Soccsksargen, Philippines) with a magnitude of 6.9.unknown2
09/16/2015Earthquake in Chile (Central Chile) with a magnitude of 8.3. The tsunami caused damages in 23 further countries. A total of 8 humans died.unknown4
02/06/2013Earthquake on the Solomon Islands (Santa Cruz Islands) with a magnitude of 7.9. The tsunami caused damages in 23 further countries. A total of 10 humans died.15m2
08/31/2012Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippine Islands) with a magnitude of 7.6. The tsunami also reached , Japan, Micronesia, Palau.51m7
07/06/2011Earthquake in New Zealand (Kermadec Islands) with a magnitude of 7.6. The tsunami caused damages in 9 further countries.58m4
03/11/2011Earthquake in Japan (Honshu Island) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 33 further countries. A total of 18,453 humans died.22m22
02/27/2010Earthquake in Chile (Central Chile) with a magnitude of 8.8. The tsunami caused damages in 21 further countries. A total of 156 humans died.19m2
02/11/2009Earthquake in Indonesia (Celebes Sea) with a magnitude of 7.2.14m2
11/16/2008Earthquake in Indonesia (Sulawesi) with a magnitude of 7.3.unknown2
08/15/2007Earthquake in Peru (S. Peru) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami caused damages in 13 further countries. A total of 3 humans died.unknown2
03/05/2002Earthquake in the Philippines (Mindanao Island, Philippines) with a magnitude of 7.5.unknown3
04/21/1995Earthquake in the Philippines (Samar Island) with a magnitude of 7.2.unknown2
11/14/1994Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippine Islands) with a magnitude of 7.1.unknown273
05/17/1992Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippines) with a magnitude of 7.3.16m10
08/17/1983Earthquake in the Philippines (Luzon Island) with a magnitude of 6.6.unknown1
06/14/1978Earthquake in the Philippines (Mindanao Island, Philippines) with a magnitude of 6.9.unknown2
08/16/1976Earthquake in the Philippines (Moro Gulf) with a magnitude of 8.0.29m104
10/31/1975Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippine Trench) with a magnitude of 7.6. The tsunami also reached Japan, , Micronesia, Marshall Islands.3m2
03/17/1973Earthquake in the Philippines (Quezon) with a magnitude of 7.5.unknown2
04/07/1970Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippine Sea) with a magnitude of 7.3.unknown1
08/01/1968Earthquake in the Philippines (E. Luzon Island) with a magnitude of 7.3. The tsunami also reached Japan, , United States, American Samoa, Guam.unknown1
09/28/1965Volcano in the Philippines (Taal, Luzon Island)unknown1
05/22/1960Earthquake in Chile (Southern Chile) with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami caused damages in 31 further countries. A total of 2,226 humans died.20m7
01/24/1948Earthquake in the Philippines (Sulu Sea) with a magnitude of 8.3.unknown1
08/20/1937Earthquake in the Philippines (W. Luzon Island) with a magnitude of 7.5.unknown2
12/19/1928Earthquake in the Philippines (Celebes Sea) with a magnitude of 7.3.unknown2
11/11/1922Earthquake in Chile (Northern Chile) with a magnitude of 8.7. The tsunami caused damages in 9 further countries. A total of 200 humans died.unknown4
08/15/1918Earthquake in the Philippines (Celebes Sea) with a magnitude of 8.3. The tsunami also reached Indonesia, Japan, United States. A total of 6 humans died.unknown1
01/30/1911Volcano in the Philippines (Taal, Luzon Island)unknown2
09/21/1897Earthquake in the Philippines (Sulu Sea) with a magnitude of 8.7.30m12


These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated.