Tsunamis in the Philippines

In a total of 21 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1749 a total of 4,868 people died in the Philippines. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur more often than average, but still moderate.

The strongest tidal wave registered in the Philippines so far reached a height of 9.0 meters. At this Tsunami on 08/16/1976 a total of 4,381 people have been killed.



Other natural hazards in the Philippines:
Volcanos
Earthquake
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


Back to overview: Philippines

The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 270 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in the Philippines since 1749

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
03/05/2002Earthquake in the Philippines (Mindanao Island, Philippines) with a magnitude of 7.5.3.0 m0
11/14/1994Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippine Islands) with a magnitude of 7.1.7.3 m30
05/17/1992Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippines) with a magnitude of 7.3.6.0 m0
08/16/1976Earthquake in the Philippines (Moro Gulf) with a magnitude of 8.0.9.0 m4,381
10/31/1975Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippine Trench) with a magnitude of 7.6.0.000 m1
03/17/1973Earthquake in the Philippines (Quezon) with a magnitude of 7.5.1.3 m0
04/07/1970Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippine Sea) with a magnitude of 7.3.0.000 m0
08/01/1968Earthquake in the Philippines (E. Luzon Island) with a magnitude of 7.3.0.000 m1
09/28/1965Volcano in the Philippines (Taal, Luzon Island)4.7 m355
05/22/1960Earthquake in Chile (Southern Chile) with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami caused damages in 12 further countries. A total of 2,226 humans died.1.5 m21
01/24/1948Earthquake in the Philippines (Sulu Sea) with a magnitude of 8.3.0.000 m2
12/19/1928Earthquake in the Philippines (Celebes Sea) with a magnitude of 7.3.0.000 m4
06/15/1928Earthquake in the Philippines (Sulu Sea) with a magnitude of 7.0.0.000 m0
05/06/1924Earthquake, landslide in the Philippines (Philippines) with a magnitude of 6.5.0.000 m0
11/11/1921Earthquake in the Philippines (Philippine Trench) with a magnitude of 7.5.0.000 m0
08/15/1918Earthquake in the Philippines (Celebes Sea) with a magnitude of 8.3.5.5 m6
01/31/1917Earthquake in the Philippines (Celebes Sea) with a magnitude of 6.4.1.5 m0
01/30/1911Volcano in the Philippines (Taal, Luzon Island)3.0 m54
10/18/1897Earthquake in the Philippines (Samar Island) with a magnitude of 8.1.0.000 m0
09/21/1897Earthquake in the Philippines (Sulu Sea) with a magnitude of 8.7.7.0 m13
08/12/1749Volcano in the Philippines (Taal, Luzon Island)0.000 m0


These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated.