The climate in the PhilippinesAverage daytime and nighttime temperatures
All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data of 36 weather stations.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.
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The west coast, which results from the climate of the South Chinese Sea, is almost isolated from this. There are monsoon winds from June to October, which bring warmer but also humid air masses.
The central islands of the Visayas are largely isolated from the open sea by the other chains of islands in front of them. Here, the climate is more moderate, but still hot by European standards.
In the southern regions around Mindanao and the Zulu archipelago it is hot and rather dry all year round.
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Temperature records of the last 73 yearsThe hottest temperature measured from 1949 to March 2022 was reported by the Zamboanga weather station. In October 2006 the record temperature of 41.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 34 weather stations in the Philippines , was recorded in 1998 with an average temperature of 28.8 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 27.9 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 73 years was reported by the weather station Tacloban Airport. Here the temperature dropped to 13.0 °C in January 2005. Tacloban Airport lies at an altitude of 2 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1963 with an average temperature of 24.0 °C. In the Philippines, it is usual to have about 2.2 degrees more at 26.3 °C for this three-month period.
The most precipitation fell in September 1974. With 59.7 mm per day, the Basco weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 73 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Hinatuan. The driest region is near General Santos.
Long-term development of temperatures from 1999 - 2021In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 3 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.
In the years 1999 to 2021 there were only these 3 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Laoag, Legaspi, Zamboanga). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was May 2016 with 29.7 °C. January 2014 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 25.0 °C.
The average annual temperature was about 27.9 °C in the years after 1999 and about 28.0 °C in the last years before 2021. So it has hardly changed at all in the past 23 years. This trend only applies to the selected 3 weather stations in the Philippines. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.