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Telecommunication in Nepal

Compared to the European Union, Nepal is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +977, there were a total of 38.94 million connections in 2020. Among them were 38.21 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.3 per person. In the EU, this figure is 1.2 mobile phones per person.

With about 41,256 webhosts, Nepal is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 6,096 million of these, or about 15 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.


Back to overview: Nepal

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 42.08 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Nepal ranked 81st in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 40.23 Mbit/second (41st place). The quality of the Internet, consisting of signal fluctuations (jitter) and latency, is very far ahead at 5th place.
In mobile internet, i.e. on tablets and smartphones, Nepal comes 116th with a download speed of 15.13 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 11 Mbit was enough for 62nd place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in April 2022 from 181 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and Internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100% mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.


Access to the Internet in Nepal from 1990 - 2020

Broadband internet in Nepal 2006 - 2020

Symbol image: cell towerNepal is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband Internet connections. Around 38% of all residents have access to the Internet. Around 4% have their own fast Internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the Internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2020

Mobile phones 1990 - 2020



Distribution in 2020Nepal
Total
Nepal
percent
EU
Total
EU
percent
Internet users10.98 m37.70 %379.21 m84.74 %
Broadband users1.27 m4.36 %163.72 m36.59 %
Landlines726,000.002.49 %160.15 m35.79 %
Mobile cellulars38.21 m131.15 %540.56 m120.80 %

Comparison: Nepal / United StatesCountry comparison Nepal : United StatesThe United States and Nepal compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United StatesComparison of technological development and communication in the United States with the countries of the European Union
Canada: ClimateClimate and temperature development in CanadaA climate analysis for Canada incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls