Transport and infrastructure in MongoliaOur listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Mongolia with the average of all countries in Asia. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.
In terms of the length of its rail network, Mongolia ranks 31st in the world with 0.55 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 1,815 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 17.38 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 973.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2017.
The waterways and ports listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals, as there is no direct access to the sea in Mongolia.
› Airports in Mongolia
Back to overview: Mongolia
Road trafficThe network of roads and highways has a total length of 113,200 km. For each of the country's 3.33 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 34.00 meters. This puts Mongolia in 14th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 2 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.
With an average of 634 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Mongolia is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 20.6 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.
In Mongolia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||113,200 km||34,001.33 km||72.37 m|
|Railroads||1,800 km||545.16 km||1.16 m|
|Waterways||580 km||174.21 km||0.37 m|
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||14,699,500 km||3,162.10 km||459.66 m|
|Railroads||280,000 km||60.24 km||8.76 m|
|Waterways||260,300 km||55.99 km||8.14 m|
Data sources used• Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
• Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
• CIA Factbook
• OECD Statistics
• Wikipedia (german)