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Climate in Central Aimak Mongolia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from three measuring weather stations in Central Aimak.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1310m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


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Central Aimak is one of the coldest regions in Mongolia with an average daily high temperature of only 7 degrees centigrade. The climate is predominantly frosty cold and in the winter months the mercury column does not even reach the positive range. In the cold season even the maximum temperatures are well below zero. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from April to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from November to March.
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Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Central Aimak
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 11 hours per day, May is the sunniest month in the province of Central Aimak. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Central Aimak
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 10 rainy days, July offers the most number of rainy days, and in January the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Central Aimak
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.0 mm, the least rain falls in January. July, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Central Aimak
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With only 49% humidity on average, it is quite dry in May. The highest value of 78% is experienced here in January.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Central Aimak
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Map of Central Aimak

Most important cities in the province »Central Aimak«

Only very small villages are located here. The two biggest are Zuunmod and Dzuunmod.

CityPopulationGeo position
Zuunmod17,63047° 42' 25"N106° 57' 10"E
Dzuunmod14,66047° 42' 25"N106° 57' 10"E
Ulaanhudag1,50047° 19' 60"N104° 30' 0"E


Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants: geonames.org, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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