Natural gas and oil in Malaysia

Energy consumption in Malaysia

The most important figure in the energy balance of Malaysia is the total consumption of
150.06 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 4,470 kWh.

Malaysia could be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 163 bn kWh, which is 109 percent of the country's own usage. Despite this, Malaysia trades energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Malaysia

Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption150.06 bn kWh4,469.61 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production162.84 bn kWh4,850.08 kWh12,198.66 kWh
Import19.00 m kWh0.57 kWh185.15 kWh
Export669.00 m kWh19.93 kWh42.59 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.
Crude OilBarrel/dayMalaysia
per capita
per capita
Own consumption718,600.00 bbl0.021 bbl0.062 bbl
Production593,800.00 bbl0.018 bbl0.054 bbl
Import182,300.00 bbl0.005 bbl0.023 bbl
Export303,600.00 bbl0.009 bbl0.006 bbl

In 2021 there were still 3.60 bn barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Malaysia. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1.7 tn billion barrels. Malaysia therefore has a share of 0.211% and ranks 27th out of 211 countries with crude oil reserves.

Natural GasCubic metersMalaysia
per capita
per capita
Own consumption39.59 bn m³1,179.10 m³2,583.79 m³
Production74.99 bn m³2,233.44 m³2,914.02 m³
Import4.01 bn m³119.38 m³239.57 m³
Export34.20 bn m³1,018.58 m³567.66 m³

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total253.27 m t7.72 t14.52 t
› of which diesel + gasoline94.93 bn t2,893.97 t7,179.51 t
› of which natural gas78.10 bn t2,380.93 t5,073.94 t
› of which coal81.73 bn t2,491.34 t3,246.58 t

Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Malaysia

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Malaysia
in Malaysia
per capita
in Malaysia
per capita
Fossil fuels267.96 bn kWh87,5 %59,9 %7,981.23 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy2.14 bn kWh0,7 %3,2 %63.85 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power0.00 kWh0,0 %8,3 %0.00 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power33.38 bn kWh10,9 %7,0 %994.23 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass3.06 bn kWh1,0 %1,7 %91.21 kWh0.06 kWh

Note: The sum of each data in this table adds up to 100.10 percent and may not be accurate. receives this data from the US Office of Public Affairs (CIA) and will not make any presumptuous changes to it.

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 5.1 percent of actual total consumption in Malaysia. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Malaysia
Methane and CO₂ emissions worldwideGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO₂ are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Germany: household debtsDebts an budget deficits in GermanyBudget surplus and deficits in the last 24 years in Germany incl. a comparison to the European Union