Presidential limited democracy (special administrative region of China)
East Asia
30 km²
Local name:
Macau, Aomen
Concelho de Macau
Macao on the world map


Macao is a country in the mouth of the Pearl River west of Hong Kong. The dwarf state has a total area of only 30 km² (12 mi²) and a total coastline of 41 km (25.5 mi). This land area is about 0.9 times the size of Manhattan. In terms of area, Macao is the smallest country in Asia and the ninth smallest in the world. With 21,658 inhabitants per km², it is also the most densely populated country in the world. Urbanization in the country has progressed so far that all residents are now counted as part of the urban population. Around 4 out of 5 residents live in Concelho de Macau.

The country has 2 islands in the open sea. China ist the only directly neighbouring country of Macao. The distance between New York City and the Capital Concelho de Macau is about 12,990 km (8,072 mi).


Life expectancy females:
Ø 87.3 years
10.7 ‰
4.1 ‰
48.1% : 51.9%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Macao 2021
The currency in Macao is the Macanese Pataca (MOP).
1 Pataca is divided into 100 Avos.
Status: 08/16/2022
1 US Dollar = 8.11 Pataca
1 Pataca = 0.12 US Dollar

The climate in Macao

In Macao, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lesser. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 19 and 32 degrees. In the colder months, the average night temperatures drop down to 13 °C.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Macao


Official language:
Chinese, Portuguese

mother tonguedistribution
Chinese92.0 %
English2.3 %
Portuguese2.0 %
Tagalog1.7 %
other2.0 %


Roman Catholics15.0%



GDP:29.91 bn $
Exportations:15,806.3 M $
Importations:15,217.4 M $
Tourism receipts:9.44 bn $
Unemployment rate:3.0 %
Inflation rate:0.81 %
Energy consumption:5.1 bn kWh

Considering the purchasing power parity Macao is among the 10 richest countries in the world.



Roadways:428 km
Commercial harbors:1

Country status of Macau

Strictly speaking, Macau, like Hong Kong, is a partially-administrated territory of China with a special status. Even at the United Nations, Macau is only listed as a territory dependent on China.

But Macao has its own (Chinese-influenced) legislation, its own tax system, police, customs, immigration service and its own currency independent of China. In Macau even Portuguese is one of the official languages.

Various international organizations such as ISO, STANAG, Fips and also the United Nations have issued separate country codes for Macau. This is the main reason to have Macau as a separate "country", which is not the same as a sovereign state.

The main districts

Concelho de Macau504,000
Concelho das Ilhas103,000

Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:


Comparison: Macao / United StatesCountry comparison Macao : United StatesThe United States and Macao compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
India: Public HolidaysPublic holidays in India 2022-2026Statutory and inofficial holidays in India for 2022 to 2026
Brazil: Population growthPopulation growth in BrazilPopulation growth of the last 61 years in Brazil compared to the global average