Natural gas and oil in Lebanon

Energy consumption in Lebanon

The most important figure in the energy balance of Lebanon is the total consumption of
18.72 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 3,346 kWh.

Lebanon can completely be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 20 bn kWh, also 107 percent of own requirements. The rest of the domestically produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption18.72 bn kWh3,346.48 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production20.03 bn kWh3,582.32 kWh12,198.66 kWh
Import900.00 m kWh160.93 kWh185.15 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total27.95 m t4.83 t14.52 t
› of which diesel + gasoline25.28 bn t4,371.40 t7,179.51 t
› of which coal563.00 m t97.37 t3,246.58 t

Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Lebanon

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Lebanon
in Lebanon
per capita
in Lebanon
per capita
Fossil fuels31.13 bn kWh94,3 %59,9 %5,565.58 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy165.04 m kWh0,5 %3,2 %29.51 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power0.00 kWh0,0 %8,3 %0.00 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power1.65 bn kWh5,0 %7,0 %295.10 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass66.02 m kWh0,2 %1,7 %11.80 kWh0.06 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 5.5 percent of actual total consumption in Lebanon. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Lebanon
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