Symbol image: cell tower

Mobile communications and Internet in Kazakhstan

The development of telecommunications in Kazakhstan is roughly equivalent to the United States. Under the country code +997, there were a total of 27.45 million connections in 2021. Among them were 24.47 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 1.3 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 67,464 webhosts, Kazakhstan is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 62,033 of these, or about 92 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

Back to overview: Kazakhstan

Internet speed for cell phones and fixed network

With an average download speed of 40.73 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Kazakhstan ranks 101st in an international comparison. The upload rate was only 39.25 Mbit/second (50th place).
In mobile internet, i.e., on tablets and smartphones, Kazakhstan comes 72nd with a download speed of 30.62 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 11 Mbit was only enough for 75th place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in April 2023 from 180 countries.

Mobile phone rates in Kazakhstan

Every year, the International Telecommunication Union calculates for many countries what a mobile phone contract costs to use. A monthly budget averaging US$ 9.80 was calculated Kazakhstan in 2021. This is about the same value as in the previous year.

The ITU refers to the costs for monthly use and includes 140 telephony minutes, 70 text messages and a data transfer of 2 GBytes. The transfer speed should be the minimum of a 3G connection, i.e. at least UMTS, which is already outdated in many parts of the world. 2 GBytes do not sound much. However, this is already quite a high consumption in a worldwide comparison. If one does not take a fixed amount in US dollars, but converts it to the economic output per inhabitant, a user in Kazakhstan spends 1.4% of his gross national income on mobile telephony. Worldwide, this rate is around 6.6 percent.

In the USA, the monthly cost was around $38.10.

Lack of network coverage with 5G

A modern 5G network does not yet exist in Kazakhstan (as of 2021). The penetration rate of 4G, i.e., mobile communications with at least LTE speed, was recently 83.50 percent. In other words, 3.14 million people in the country had to make do with a maximum Internet speed of the outdated UMTS standard (or even less).

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the internet in Kazakhstan from 1990 - 2021

Broadband internet in Kazakhstan 2003 - 2021

Symbol image: cell towerKazakhstan is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband internet connections. Around 91 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 14 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2021

Mobile phones 1990 - 2021

All international calling codes

Distribution in 2021Kazakhstan
Internet users17.28 m90.92 %304.52 m91.75 %
Broadband users2.75 m14.49 %125.89 m37.93 %
Landlines2.98 m15.69 %97.82 m29.47 %
Mobile cellulars24.47 m128.79 %361.66 m108.97 %

Comparison: Kazakhstan / United StatesCountry comparison: Kazakhstan / United States of AmericaThe United States of America and Kazakhstan compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States of America: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United States of AmericaComparison of technological development and communication in the United States of America with the countries of the European Union
Germany: household debtsDebts an budget deficits in GermanyBudget surplus and deficits in the last 21 years in Germany incl. a comparison to the European Union