The climate in Kazakhstan

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 67 measuring stations in Kazakhstan.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1220m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Kazakhstan

Climate zone: Moderate zone of the northern hemisphere

The climate in Kazakhstan very changeable and offers varied seasons with deep winters and warm summers. It rarely gets really warm here and you can safely leave your swimwear at home. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Ongtüstik Qazaqstan. The coldest is Soltüstik Qazaqstan. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from November to February.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Kazakhstan

hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Kazakhstan
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Kazakhstan
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Kazakhstan
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Kazakhstan
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in Kazakhstan

Temperature records of the last 67 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1954 to May 2021 was reported by the Novyj Ushtogan weather station. In July 2018 the record temperature of 44.8 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 49 weather stations in Kazakhstan below 1220 metres altitude, was recorded in 2012 with an average temperature of 21.5 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 20.3 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 28.7 °C.

The coldest day in these 67 years was reported by the weather station Ruzaevka. Here the temperature dropped to -41.1 °C in January 2006. Ruzaevka lies at an altitude of 227 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1969 with an average temperature of -14.3 °C. In Kazakhstan, it is usual to have about 6.7 degrees more at -7.6 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in April 2005. With 333.3 mm per day, the Petropavlovsk weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 67 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Petropavlovsk. The driest region is near Dzhusaly.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1989 - 2020

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 3 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1989 to 2020 there were only these 3 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Kostanay, Karaganda, Almaty). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was July 1998 with 24.2 °C. January 2006 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -17.4 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 5.4 °C in the years after 1989 and about 6.3 °C in the last years before 2020. So in less than 32 years it has increased by about 0.9 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 3 weather stations in Kazakhstan. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Kazakhstan

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.
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