Climate zone: Moderate zone of the northern hemisphere
The climate in Kazakhstan is much more unsettled than in central Europe and offers varied seasons with deep winters and warm summers. It rarely gets really warm here and you can safely leave your swimwear at home. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from November to March.
› Duration of daylight and sunshine in Kazakhstan
hours of sunshine per day rainy days per month Precipitation in mm/day Relative humidity in % Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)
Temperature records of the last 65 years
The hottest temperature measured from 1954 to November 2019 was reported by the Novyj Ushtogan weather station. In July 2018 the record temperature of 44.8 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 48 weather stations in Kazakhstan below 850 metres altitude, was recorded in 1981 with an average temperature of 21.6 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 20.2 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 65 years was reported by the weather station Ruzaevka. Here the temperature dropped to -41.1 °C in January 2006. Ruzaevka lies at an altitude of 227 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1954 with an average temperature of -17.2 °C. In Kazakhstan, it is usual to have about 9.2 degrees more at -8.0 °C for this three-month period.
Long-term development of temperatures from 1989 - 2019
In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 3 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.
In the years 1989 to 2019 there were only these 3 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Kostanay, Karaganda, Balhash). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was Juli 1998 with 24.6 °C. Januar 2006 was the coldest month with an average temperature of -20.7 °C.
The average annual temperature was about 4.3 °C in the years after 1989 and about 4.9 °C in the last years before 2019. It has therefore increased only slightly by about 0.6 °C over the past 31 years. This trend only applies to the selected 3 weather stations in Kazakhstan. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming
has been provided separately.
More detailed information on global warming with a view by continent can also be found on our topic page on climate change