Volcano Kirishima in Japan

Volcanos in Japan

At 37 volcanos in Japan there have been a total of 130 siginificant eruptions over the past 2000 years. Over 4900 people were killed. The worst volcanic eruption in terms of deaths, destroyed houses and financial damages happened on 05/24/1926 at the volcano "Tokachi". Only here 144 people died.

53 of 65 volcanos in Japan are considered as still active. Additionally there is 1 active submarine volcano off the coast.

Other natural hazards in Japan:
Earthquake
Tsunamis
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


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Significant volcanic eruptions in Japan over the past 2000 years

The following list shows all volcanoes of the last 2000 years with significant damage. The column "VEI" stands for the volcano explosivity index, which represents the strength of the eruption from a geological point of view. This takes into account the height and volume of the rocks ejected. The scale ranges from 0-8, with the severity of the outbreak increasing tenfold with each value. For example, a VEI of 1 means that the volcano throws lava and rock masses of 100,000 to 1 million cubic metres up to 1 kilometre high. From VEI 8 a volcano is considered a super volcano. Here, more than 1000 cubic kilometers of tephra are thrown to altitudes of more than 25 kilometers.

The highest explosivity index in Japan was reached in the review period at VEI 5 in 1663. The volcano Usu threw tephramasses of at least 1 cubic kilometer over 25 kilometers high. Such a volcano normally only reaches this intensity every 50 years.

EruptionVolcanoVEIDeathsTotal damage
01/23/2018Kusatsu-Shirane01
09/27/2014On-Take355
06/27/2000Miyake-Jima20
11/23/1997Aso02
09/15/1997Adatara04
07/12/1997Hakkoda Group03
02/11/1995Yake-Dake14
05/29/1994Aso11
06/23/1993Unzen11
06/03/1991Unzen143
10/19/1990Aso21
04/18/1990Aso21
03/26/1990Aso21
08/26/1989Kirishima02
02/12/1989Aso01
01/01/1988Akita-Yake-Yama03
11/15/1986Oshima31
05/08/1986Akita-Yake-Yama01
09/14/1984On-Take029
10/03/1983Miyake-Jima30
09/06/1979Aso23
01/13/1978Usu33
08/07/1977Usu33
08/03/1976Kusatsu-Shirane03
08/09/1974Sakura-Jima35
07/28/1974Niigata-Yake-Yama23
06/17/1974Sakura-Jima33
10/02/1972Hakone02
12/27/1971Kusatsu-Shirane06
08/26/1969Narugo01
06/29/1962Tokachi35
08/18/1961Asama21
06/18/1961Daisetsu02
04/23/1961Tate-Yama01
07/21/1958Daisetsu02
10/01/1957Aso212
08/01/1957Oshima21
07/01/1957Unzen013
10/13/1955Sakura-Jima30
07/21/1954Tate-Yama01
10/05/1953Oshima11
07/26/1953Hakone010
04/27/1953Aso26
03/25/1953Myojun Knoll20
03/11/1953Myojun Knoll20
09/26/1952Myojun Knoll20
09/24/1952Myojun Knoll231
09/23/1952Myojun Knoll20
09/16/1952Myojun Knoll20
03/27/1952Hakone01
11/05/1951Hakone02
09/23/1950Asama21
09/16/1947Akagi0699
07/06/1947Asama211
01/01/1946Sakura-Jima21
08/26/1944Usu21
06/23/1944Usu21
07/13/1941Asama21
07/12/1940Miyake-Jima211
08/17/1939Tori-Shima22
07/16/1938Asama10
05/09/1938Bandai02
02/01/1936Asama32
12/24/1933Kuchinoerabu-Jima48
05/10/1933Hakone01
10/01/1932Kusatsu-Shirane32
08/20/1931Asama33
08/20/1930Asama36
06/17/1929Komaga-Take42
05/24/1926Tokachi3144
07/01/1923Kirishima21
11/26/1921Nasu01
07/06/1919Nasu02
01/12/1914Sakura-Jima428
05/29/1913Asama11
08/15/1911Asama20
05/08/1911Asama21
07/25/1910Usu21
08/07/1902Tori-Shima3125
07/17/1900Adatara272
02/16/1900Kirishima22
01/22/1900Asama225
03/15/1896Kirishima21
10/16/1895Kirishima24
05/19/1893Azuma22
07/15/1888Bandai4461
07/03/1874Miyake-Jima31
12/01/1872Aso34
10/21/1867Zao23
07/03/1858Tate-Yama00
04/23/1858Tate-Yama00
09/25/1856Komaga-Take420
02/01/1854Aso23
11/18/1846E-San10
04/01/1841Kuchinoerabu-Jima20
10/01/1826Aso20
03/09/1822Usu450
07/05/1816Aso21
01/01/1804Shikotsu30
11/07/1803Asama20
07/04/1803Asama20
07/01/1801Chokai28
05/21/1792Unzen20
01/01/1789Oshima20
04/18/1785Aoga-Shima3135
08/05/1783Asama41491
04/11/1781Sakura-Jima423
09/09/1780Sakura-Jima40
07/27/1780Aoga-Shima37
02/09/1780Sakura-Jima40
11/08/1779Sakura-Jima4153
08/23/1741Oshima-Oshima40
06/22/1721Asama115
02/07/1717Kirishima31
11/09/1716Kirishima31
12/16/1707Fuji40
04/15/1664Unzen230
01/01/1664Iwo-Tori-Shima01
08/16/1663Usu55
07/31/1640Komaga-Take50
01/23/1606Hachijo-Jima20
05/13/1598Asama2800
05/01/1596Asama20
10/31/1566Kirishima30
01/01/1485Aso21
11/03/1471Sakura-Jima50
03/05/1410Nasu3180
12/01/1331Aso20
07/20/0766Sakura-Jima30
01/01/0764Sakura-Jima480


All volcanos in Japan

VolcanoElevationStatusLast eruption
Zao1841 mActive10/21/1867
Yake Dake2455 mActive 
Usu725 mActive01/13/1978
Unzen1360 mActive06/23/1993
Tyokai2230 mActive 
Turumi1375 mActive 
Tori Sima403 mActive 
Tokati2077 mActive 
Tokara-Io Zima717 mActive 
Tarumai1024 mActive 
Suwanose Zima799 mActive 
Siretoko-Io Zan1563 mActive 
Sin-Io Zima7 mActive 
Sakura Zima1118 mActive 
Osore Yama879 mSolfatara stage 
Osima-O Sima714 mActive 
On Take3063 mSolfatara stage 
Omuro Yama581 mPotentially active 
Okinawa-Tori Sima156 mActive 
O Sima758 mActive 
Norikura3026 mSolfatara stage 
Nisini Sima Active 
Nikko-Sirane2578 mActive 
Niigata-Yake Yama2400 mActive 
Nii Zima429 mActive 
Nasu1917 mActive11/26/1921
Narugo461 mSolfatara stage08/26/1969
Nakano Sima980 mActive 
Myoko2446 mSolfatara stage 
Miyake Zima815 mActive 
Midagahara2621 mSolfatara stage 
Me-Akan1503 mActive 
Kuzyu1788 mActive 
Kuttara581 mSolfatara stage 
Kutinoerabu Zima649 mActive 
Kusatu-Sirane2176 mActive 
Kurikoma1628 mActive 
Kozi Sima574 mActive 
Komaga Take1140 mActive 
Kita-Io Zima14 mActive 
Kirisima1700 mActive 
Kaimon Dake924 mActive 
Iwate2041 mActive 
Iwaonupuri1154 mSolfatara stage 
Iwaki1625 mActive 
Io Zims165 mActive 
Hatizyo Zima854 mActive 
Hatimantai1614 mSolfatara stage 
Haku San2702 mActive 
Hakone1348 mActive10/02/1972
Hakkoda1585 mSolfatara stage 
Fuji-san3776 mActive 
E-San618 mActive11/18/1846
Daisetu2290 mSolfatara stage 
Bayonnaise9 mActive 
Bandai1819 mActive05/09/1938
Azuma2024 mActive05/19/1893
Atosanupuri574 mSolfatara stage 
Aso1592 mActive11/23/1997
Asama2542 mActive08/18/1961
Aoga Sima423 mActive 
Akita-Yake Yama1366 mActive 
Akita-Komaga Take1637 mActive 
Akagi1828 mActive09/16/1947
Adatara1719 mActive09/15/1997



These statistics are based on datas from the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP), and the Significant Volcanic Eruptions Database of the National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA) / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS) doi:10.7289/V5JW8BSH. Several data have been summarized and translated. Foto taken from National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC, public domain).