Parliamentary democracy
Independent since 1948

State of Israel
Local name:
ישראל / Yisra’el / Isra’il
Western Asia
22,070 km²
Israel on the world map


Israel is a country north of the Sinai Peninsula on the Mediterranean. The land has a total area of 22,070 km² (8,521 mi²) and a total coastline of 273 km (169.6 mi). This land area is approximately 88% of the area of Maryland. Israel is thus one of the smallest countries in Asia by area and ranked 153rd worldwide. An exceptionally high proportion of residents (93%) belongs to the urban population. Every tenth inhabitant lives in Jerusalem alone.

Israel lies at an average elevation of 508 meters above sea level. The highest mountain peak (Har Meron) is at 2,224 meters. The country has 6 islands in the open sea. There are direct national borders with the four neighboring countries Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. The distance between New York City and the Capital Jerusalem is about 9,180 km (5,704 mi).


Life expectancy females:
Ø 84.8 years
Birth rate:
19.2 ‰
Death rate:
5.3 ‰
49.9% : 50.1%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Israel 2021
The currency in Israel is the New Israeli sheqel (ILS).
1 Sheqel is divided into 100 Agorot.
Status: 05/23/2023
1 US dollar = 3.66 Sheqels
1 Sheqel = 0.27 US dollar

The climate in Israel

The climate in Israel is subtropical, so it is much drier and warmer than in the most parts of the US or Central Europe. Only in a few humid months per year is the intensity of rain a bit higher. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 17 and 33 degrees. In some parts of the country, the temperature rises to 37 °C. In the colder months, and depending in the region, the temperature drops to 8 °C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Israel


Official languages:
Hebrew, Arabic

Mother tongueDistribution
Hebrew63.1 %
Arabic18.0 %
Russian14.0 %
other4.9 %


other Muslims17.7%



GDP:488.53 bn $
Exportations:142.99 bn $
Importations:121.63 bn $
Tourism receipts:2.66 bn $
Unemployment rate:3.5 %
Inflation rate:4.39 %
Corruption index:63 (moderate)
Energy consumption:59.2 bn kWh

Israel is regarded as a so-called pariah state because of its politics and unwillingness to cooperate with the UN. With a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.919, it counts as one of the high developed economies by UN definition. The IMF also shares this classification.

In terms of revenues, it ranks only 33rd in the world and, with an average annual income of 49,290 USD is one of the high-income countries.

Israel is considered one of the most dangerous countries worldwide.

Land use

29% Urban areas:6,399 km²
25% Agricultural areas:5,445 km²
6% Forest:1,428 km²
2% Water areas:430 km²
40% Others:8,798 km²



Roadways:19,555 km
Railways:1,599 km
Commercial harbors:41

Most important cities

Jerusalem / CapitalJerusalem944,000
Tel AvivTel Aviv462,000
Rishon LeZiyyonCentral District255,000
Petah TiqwaCentral District249,000
AshdodSouthern District226,000
NetanyaCentral District222,000
Bené BeraqTel Aviv207,000
HolonTel Aviv197,000
BeershebaSouthern District187,000
Ramat GanTel Aviv166,000
AshqelonSouthern District145,000
Bet ShemeshJerusalem129,000
Bat YamTel Aviv128,000
Kfar SabaCentral District81,000
Ra'ananaCentral District80,000
NazarethNorthern District65,000
RamlaCentral District64,000
NahariyaNorthern District51,000
Qiryat AtaHaifa49,000
Modiin IlitJerusalem49,000
Qiryat GatSouthern District47,000
‘AkkoNorthern District46,000

Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:only for serious crimes


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