Climate zone: Subtropics of the northern hemisphere
In 8 months the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 26 degrees even invite you to take a bath in the warm season.
› Duration of daylight and sunshine in Israel
hours of sunshine per day rainy days per month Precipitation in mm/day Relative humidity in % Water temperature Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)
Temperature records of the last 70 years
The hottest temperature measured from 1950 to October 2020 was reported by the Eilat weather station. In September 2020 the record temperature of 48.9 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 8 weather stations in Israel below 930 metres altitude, was recorded in 1963 with an average temperature of 29.8 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 27.6 degrees Celsius.
The coldest day in these 70 years was reported by the weather station Bet Dagan. Here the temperature dropped to -1.4 °C in January 2008. Bet Dagan lies at an altitude of 30 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1992 with an average temperature of 11.1 °C. In Israel, it is usual to have about 3.1 degrees more at 14.2 °C for this three-month period.
Long-term development of temperatures from 1988 - 2019
In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 1 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.
In the years 1988 to 2019 there were only these 1 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Eilat). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was 2010 with 36.2 °C. 1989 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 12.6 °C.
The average annual temperature was about 24.7 °C in the years after 1988 and about 26.4 °C in the last years before 2019. So in less than 32 years it has increased by about 1.7 °C. This trend only applies to the selected 1 weather stations in Israel. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming
has been provided separately.
More detailed information on global warming with a view by continent can also be found on our topic page on climate change
. Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.