Tsunamis in Iran

A total of 4 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1945 have killed 2 people in Iran. Tsunamis therefore occur only rarely here.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Iran so far reached a height of 13.66 meters. On 11/27/1945, no losses of human lifes have been registered by this tsunami.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and the economy had been a tsunami on 03/19/2017. A tidal wave of up to three meters killed 2 humans and destroyed vast areas.

Other natural hazards in Iran:
The most severe tsunamis in the world

Back to overview: Iran

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The marked positions on the map represent the most affected regions within the past 80 years.

The largest tsunamis in Iran since 1945

DateCauseMax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
03/19/2017Meteorological event in Iran (Persian Gulf)3 m2
12/26/2004Earthquakes in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of Sumatra) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 20 further countries. A total of 227,899 humans died.4.4 m0
06/20/1990Earthquake, landslide in Iran (Caspian Sea) with a magnitude of 7.3.2 m0
11/27/1945Earthquake, landslide in Pakistan (Makran Coast) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami also reached Pakistan, India. A total of 4,000 humans died.13.66 m0

These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
Iran: EarthquakeRecent earthquakes and their magnitudes in IranEarthquakes and their intensities in Iran
Australia: Public HolidaysPublic holidays in Australia 2023-2027Statutory and inofficial holidays in Australia for 2023 to 2027
Mauritius: cyclonesMost recent cyclones in MauritiusOverview of current and the most severe 20 cyclones of the past years for Mauritius