Transport and infrastructure in Indonesia

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Indonesia with the average of all countries in Asia. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Indonesia ranks 120th in the world with 0.03 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 8,159 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 15.57 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 29.07 billion passenger-kilometers in 2019.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 54,716 km of coastline. In 2020, about 14.03 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Indonesia

Back to overview: Indonesia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 496,607 km. For each of the country's 276.36 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 1.80 meters. This puts Indonesia in 181st place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 144 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 32096 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Indonesia is considered reasonably safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 12.2 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Indonesia, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways496,600 km1,796.95 km259.52 m
Railroads8,200 km29.52 km4.26 m
Waterways21,579 km78.08 km11.28 m
Commercial harbors10,42737.730.005


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways14,699,500 km3,162.10 km459.66 m
Railroads280,000 km60.24 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.99 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors46,0549.910.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Indonesia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in IndonesiaThe 30 biggest airports and 10 airlines in Indonesia with further information and data
Indonesia: ClimateClimate and temperature development in IndonesiaA climate analysis for Indonesia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing