Climate in Northern India

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 17 measuring weather stations in Northern India.
Weather stations at an altitude above 700m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Northern India is one of the coldest regions in India with an average daily high temperature of only 32 degrees. For several months of the year, it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees, sometimes up to 40 degrees.
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Sunshine hours per day
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 9 hours per day, May is the sunniest month in the greater region of Northern India. In July, the sun shines the least.
Rain days per month
A rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 9 rain days, July offers the most rain days, while November has the fewest.
Precipitation amount in mm/day
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.3 mm, the least amount of rain falls in November. July, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture can be physically contained in the air. At high humidity, a person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% feels pleasant. With only 36% humidity on average, it is quite dry in May. The highest value of 70% is experienced here in August.
Absolute humidity in g/m³
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is reached for 6 months in Northern India, although these are average values, and a month is rarely completely or not at all humid.
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity, the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Map of Northern India

Most important cities in the greater region »Northern India«

As the capital region, it is arguably the most important part of India. Alone 12 major cities with over 500,000 inhabitants are located here. The greater region has a west-east extension of about 710 km and over 1260 km from north to south.

It consists of the seven federal states Capital Territory, Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir, Punjab and Rajasthan.

CityPopulationGeo position
Delhi18,498,19228° 39' 7"N77° 13' 53"E
Jaipur3,073,35026° 55' 11"N75° 47' 16"E
Ludhiana1,618,87930° 54' 43"N75° 51' 14"E
Faridabad1,414,05028° 24' 40"N77° 18' 47"E
Srinagar1,180,57034° 5' 18"N74° 48' 11"E
Amritsar1,159,22731° 38' 12"N74° 52' 29"E
Jodhpur1,033,75626° 16' 6"N73° 0' 21"E
Chandigarh960,78730° 44' 11"N76° 47' 18"E
Jalandhar706,04331° 19' 32"N75° 34' 45"E
Kota694,31625° 10' 57"N75° 50' 21"E
Gorakhpur673,44629° 26' 52"N75° 40' 19"E
Bikaner529,69028° 1' 15"N73° 18' 27"E
Ajmer485,57526° 26' 59"N74° 38' 28"E
Udaipur389,43824° 34' 16"N73° 41' 31"E
Jammu369,95932° 44' 8"N74° 52' 9"E
Patiala303,15130° 19' 38"N76° 24' 10"E
Rohtak286,80728° 53' 40"N76° 35' 21"E
Bhilwara280,12825° 20' 49"N74° 38' 27"E
Panipat261,74029° 23' 24"N76° 58' 10"E
Alwar260,59327° 33' 45"N76° 37' 30"E
New Delhi257,80328° 38' 9"N77° 13' 28"E
Hisar256,68929° 9' 14"N75° 43' 23"E
Bhatinda242,80030° 12' 27"N74° 56' 20"E
Sonipat214,97428° 59' 41"N77° 1' 10"E
Ganganagar210,71329° 55' 12"N73° 52' 30"E
Karnal207,64029° 41' 31"N76° 59' 4"E
Bharatpur204,58727° 13' 2"N77° 29' 24"E
Yamunanagar189,69630° 7' 41"N77° 17' 1"E
Pali187,64125° 46' 22"N73° 19' 24"E
Sikar185,32327° 36' 43"N75° 8' 24"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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