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Asia consists of 51 different countries with a total land area of 45 million km² (17 million square miles). This corresponds to a share of 30% of the habitable earth surface. The coastlines in and around Asia altogether have a length of 220,266 km (136,896 miles). In these 51 countries are living 4.62 billion people (= 59.6% of the world's population). They account for around 37% of global economic output.

77% of Russia's area is also part of Asia. Since most of the inhabitants (85%) live in the European part of the country, Russia is listed in our overview of Europe. The border between Europe and Asia runs approximately along the Urals, which are located east of Moscow.

Turkey, on the other hand, is quite clearly associated with the Near East. 88% of the population, 97% of the country's territory and the capital Ankara is located on the Asian continent.

Asia is the largest of all continents and stretches over a length of about 11,000 km and a width of over 8500 km from the Arctic Sea to Australia, which means that there are many different climate zones. Asia holds a number of other superlatives: Here you will find by far the largest countries in the world. In terms of population, these are India and China. Even the area of the Asian part of Russia is still much larger than any other country in the world. With Bangladesh and South Korea, 2 Asian territorial states lead the ranking of population density. The highest mountain with 8,848 meters is Mount Everest in the Himalayas. To the west is the Caspian Sea, the world's largest freshwater lake. At 357,000 km² it is half the size of Texas.

In the southeast of Asia there is the Malay Archipelago, a widely ramified island world that consists of many countries and reaches as far as Australia. Here are most volcanoes of the earth. Along the Pacific firing from Japan over the Philippines to Indonesia thousands of islands have a volcanic origin. Numerous volcanoes are still active. Due to tectonic shifts of the various Pacific plates, strong earthquakes repeatedly occur in these regions, which in turn trigger volcanoes and tsunamis.

Most widely spoken native languages in Asia

Chinese29.1 %1,344.6 M
Hindi12.2 %565.9 M
Bengali5.9 %272.7 M
Arabic3.2 %148.8 M
Punjabi3.1 %145.1 M
Japanese2.7 %124.7 M
Javanese2.3 %107.8 M
Telugu2.1 %99.4 M
Marathi2.1 %96.6 M
Tamil1.9 %86.9 M
Urdu1.9 %86.5 M
Vietnamese1.8 %85.4 M
Korean1.7 %78.2 M
Turkish1.6 %73.9 M
Gujarati1.3 %62.1 M