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Natural gas and oil in Georgia

Energy consumption in Georgia

The most important figure in the energy balance of Georgia is the total consumption of
12.37 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 3,335 kWh.

Georgia could be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 13 bn kWh, which is 107 percent of the country's own usage. Despite this, Georgia trades energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Georgia

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalGeorgia
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption12.37 bn kWh3,335.48 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production13.24 bn kWh3,570.07 kWh12,338.29 kWh
Import1.33 bn kWh358.36 kWh219.11 kWh
Export560.00 m kWh151.00 kWh29.21 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.
Crude OilBarrel/dayGeorgia
per capita
USA
per capita
Production400.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.033 bbl
Import2,660.00 bbl0.001 bbl0.024 bbl
Export3,006.00 bbl0.001 bbl0.003 bbl

In 2018 there were still 35.00 m barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Georgia. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1.6 tn billion barrels. Georgia therefore has a share of 0.002% and ranks 80th out of 98 countries with crude oil reserves.
Natural GasCubic metersGeorgia
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption2.29 bn m³618.56 m³2,312.79 m³
Production7.36 m m³1.99 m³2,328.46 m³
Import2.29 bn m³618.56 m³259.57 m³

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
Georgia
per capita
USA
per capita
total10.11 m t2.72 t14.67 t


Development of CO₂ emissions from 1990 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Georgia


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Georgia
Percentage
in Georgia
Percentage
USA
per capita
in Georgia
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels14.23 bn kWh35,0 %70,0 %3,836.83 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power26.43 bn kWh65,0 %7,0 %7,125.54 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy0.00 kWh0,0 %14,0 %0.00 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity40.66 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %10,962.37 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production13.24 bn kWh32.6 %43.0 %3,570.07 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 25.2 percent of actual total consumption in Georgia. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Georgia
Methane and CO₂ emissions worldwideGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO₂ are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Alliance: ASEAN - Association of Southeast Asian NationsMembers of the ASEAN - Association of Southeast Asian NationsThe 10 members of the ASEAN trade agreement, listed with area and population (8.5% of world population)