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Indicators of economy in China

The essential economic performance of a country is reflected by the gross domestic product, the total of all goods and services sold. Worldwide gross domestic product in 2021 was at about 12,230 USD per capita. GDP in China, on the other hand, reached USD 12,556 per capita, or 17.734 trillion USD for the whole country. China is one of the world's largest economies and is currently at rank 2. If this is calculated per inhabitant, taking purchasing power parity into account, then China ranks 77th in the list of the richest countries.

Inflation in China in 2021 was around 0.98%. Within the EU, the average in the same year was 2.55 percent. In the United States, it was most recently 4.70%.

Compared with the USA, prices for daily consumer goods are around 36.8 percent lower.
The index for perceived corruption in the public sector is 45, which is below average by global standards.


Back to overview: China

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic

Overall, the gross domestic product in China in 2020 increased from 14.280 trillion US dollars to 14.688 trillion US dollars. Certainly, there have been shifts in numerous sectors of the economy, but a 2.9 percent increase has been rather unusual this year. While most countries have suffered significant losses, China has certainly held its own. The unemployment rate rose from 4.5 to 5.0 percent. The inflation rate fell from 2.9 percent previously to 2.4 percent by the end of 2020.

Unemployment rates in percentages 1991 - 2021

Economic performance 2021

 China
Total
China
per capita
EU
Total
EU
per capita
GDP17.734 tn USD12,556.33 USD17.177 tn USD33,384.92 USD
Gross national product16.785 tn USD11,884.45 USD16.895 tn USD32,835.37 USD


China ranked 16th in the Bloomberg Innovation Index in 2021. The index is calculated annually and most recently included 60 countries. The front-runner was South Korea. Out of the 2,000 largest listed companies in the world, 297 originate from China. This is determined annually in the Forbes Global 2000 list. The 10 largest companies in the country in 2022 were:

Rank 2: ICBC (Beijing)
Rank 5: China Construction Bank (Beijing)
Rank 8: Agricultural Bank of China (Beijing)
Rank 13: Bank of China (Beijing)
Rank 17: Ping An Insurance Group (Shenzhen)
Rank 21: PetroChina (Beijing)
Rank 24: China Merchants Bank (Shenzhen)
Rank 28: Tencent Holdings (Shenzhen)
Rank 30: Postal Savings Bank Of China (PSBC) (Beijing)
Rank 33: Alibaba Group (Hangzhou)

Development of gross domestic product in trillions of USD 1960 - 2021



Imports and Exports 2021

 China
Total
China
per capita
EU
Total
EU
per capita
Imports3.091 tn USD2,188.88 USD8.916 tn USD17,329.02 USD
Exports3.554 tn USD2,516.57 USD9.554 tn USD18,569.19 USD


Development of imports and exports in billions of USD 1982 - 2021

Exports
Imports



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