Climate in Southwest China

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 22 measuring weather stations in Southwest China (Xīnán).
Weather stations at an altitude above 1340m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Southwest China (Xīnán) is one of the warmest region in China with an average daily high temperature of 29 degrees centigrade. The climate is very warm with an annual average of 29 degrees, but has few truly tropical and sultry months. In 10 months the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 29 degrees even invite you to take a bath in the warm season. Dued to the lesser rain the best time for traveling is from October to March. The most rain days occur from from May to September.
Overview: Climate in China
Daylengths and sun positions in China
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Southwest China
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 7 hours per day, November is the sunniest month in the region of Southwest China (Xīnán). In July the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Southwest China
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 20 rainy days, July offers the most number of rainy days, and in December the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Southwest China
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.3 mm, the least rain falls in December. July, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Southwest China
Water temperature depends not only on solar radiation within the same region, but also on ocean currents. For example, depending on the season, cold or warm water masses are moved from other areas. The warmest temperatures in Southwest China are in May, when the water is 29 °C.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Southwest China
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 83%, July is the most uncomfortable. In March, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Southwest China
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is reached in 8 months in Southwest China, although these are average values, and a month is rarely completely or not at all considered humid.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Southwest China
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Map of Southwest China (Xīnán)

Most important cities in the region »Southwest China (Xīnán)«

Alone 25 major cities with over 500,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 2770 km and over 1160 km from north to south.

It consists of the five provinces Chongqing, Guizhou, Sichuan, Tibet and Yunnan.

CityPopulationGeo position
Chongqing22,251,50029° 33' 46"N106° 33' 10"E
Chengdu11,241,00030° 40' 0"N104° 4' 0"E
Guiyang4,696,80026° 34' 60"N106° 43' 0"E
Kunming3,895,00025° 2' 20"N102° 43' 6"E
Hechuan1,420,52029° 59' 32"N106° 15' 53"E
Neijiang1,391,93129° 35' 1"N105° 3' 44"E
Suining1,355,38830° 30' 29"N105° 34' 24"E
Mianyang1,162,96231° 27' 34"N104° 45' 15"E
Bijie1,128,23027° 18' 7"N105° 17' 11"E
Leshan1,120,15829° 33' 44"N103° 45' 50"E
Zigong1,051,38429° 20' 30"N104° 46' 37"E
Liupanshui995,05526° 35' 40"N104° 49' 60"E
Yongchuan984,73029° 21' 14"N105° 53' 38"E
Guangyuan905,05732° 26' 31"N105° 49' 23"E
Nanchong890,40230° 47' 42"N106° 5' 5"E
Jiangyou849,76131° 46' 0"N104° 43' 0"E
Yibin809,09928° 46' 0"N104° 37' 26"E
Langzhong787,80931° 33' 1"N105° 59' 38"E
Anshun767,30726° 15' 0"N105° 55' 60"E
Zhaotong727,95927° 19' 0"N103° 43' 0"E
Zunyi691,69427° 41' 12"N106° 54' 26"E
Qujing648,95625° 28' 60"N103° 46' 60"E
Deyang628,87631° 7' 49"N104° 22' 55"E
Xichang615,21227° 53' 47"N102° 15' 48"E
Dali521,16925° 35' 5"N100° 12' 44"E
Gaoping471,67130° 46' 33"N106° 6' 11"E
Duyun463,42626° 16' 0"N107° 31' 0"E
Dadukou461,51326° 32' 52"N101° 42' 19"E
Gejiu453,31123° 21' 39"N103° 9' 13"E
Wenshan City450,00023° 21' 47"N104° 15' 2"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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