Climate in North China

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 32 measuring weather stations in North China (Huáběi).
Weather stations at an altitude above 1030m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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North China (Huáběi) is one of the coldest regions in China with an average daily high temperature of only 14 degrees centigrade. The climate is very changeable and offers varied seasons with deep winters and warm summers. It rarely gets really warm here. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from May to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from December to February.
Overview: Climate in China
Daylengths and sun positions in China
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in North China
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 8 hours per day, May is the sunniest month in the region of North China (Huáběi). In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in North China
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 10 rainy days, July offers the most number of rainy days, and in January the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in North China
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.3 mm, the least rain falls in January. July, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Water temperatureWater temperatures in North China
Water temperature depends not only on solar radiation within the same region, but also on ocean currents. For example, depending on the season, cold or warm water masses are moved from other areas. The warmest temperatures in North China are in August, when the water is 25 °C.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in North China
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 78%, July is the most uncomfortable. In April, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in North China
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is only reached in a few months in North China, although these are always average values.
Map of North China (Huáběi)

Most important cities in the region »North China (Huáběi)«

As the capital region, it is arguably the most important part of China. Alone 32 major cities with over 500,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 1900 km and over 1600 km from north to south.

It consists of the five provinces Beijing, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Jilin and Tianjin.

CityPopulationGeo position
Beijing21,893,09539° 54' 27"N116° 23' 50"E
Tianjin10,932,00039° 8' 32"N117° 10' 36"E
Changchun3,815,27043° 52' 48"N125° 19' 22"E
Shijiazhuang3,262,40038° 2' 29"N114° 28' 43"E
Tangshan1,980,70039° 37' 60"N118° 10' 60"E
Baotou1,908,60040° 39' 8"N109° 49' 20"E
Tongzhou1,371,49839° 54' 14"N116° 39' 43"E
Jilin1,268,90043° 51' 3"N126° 33' 37"E
Yushu1,155,67044° 47' 60"N126° 31' 60"E
Chifeng1,153,72342° 16' 6"N118° 57' 49"E
Dingzhou1,107,90338° 30' 47"N114° 59' 44"E
Gongzhuling1,041,73543° 30' 3"N124° 49' 11"E
Baoding1,038,19538° 51' 4"N115° 29' 25"E
Handan919,29536° 36' 2"N114° 28' 4"E
Zhangjiakou903,34840° 48' 36"N114° 52' 46"E
Dehui878,34944° 31' 60"N125° 42' 0"E
Qinhuangdao817,48739° 55' 54"N119° 35' 18"E
Jiutai799,72944° 9' 9"N125° 49' 58"E
Tongliao793,91343° 36' 45"N122° 15' 55"E
Hohhot774,47740° 48' 38"N111° 39' 8"E
Renqiu768,90038° 41' 56"N116° 5' 37"E
Langfang715,38839° 30' 35"N116° 41' 41"E
Shulan660,06544° 25' 0"N126° 57' 0"E
Xinji623,21937° 54' 10"N115° 12' 13"E
Meihekou617,67442° 31' 38"N125° 40' 31"E
Luancheng597,13037° 52' 45"N114° 39' 6"E
Tianchang590,74537° 59' 53"N114° 0' 56"E
Ordos582,54439° 36' 31"N109° 46' 54"E
Botou550,88838° 4' 0"N116° 34' 0"E
Xingtai536,28237° 3' 47"N114° 29' 39"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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