Climate in Inner Mongolia

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from 37 measuring stations in Inner Mongolia.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1430m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Inner Mongolia is one of the coldest regions in China with an average daily high temperature of only 10 degrees centigrade. The climate is predominantly frosty cold and in the winter months the mercury column does not even reach the positive range. In the cold season even the maximum temperatures are well below zero. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from April to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions from November to March.
Overview: Climate in China
Daylengths and sun positions in China
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Inner Mongolia
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 9 hours per day, May is the sunniest month in the province of Inner Mongolia. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Inner Mongolia
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 9 rainy days, July offers the most number of rainy days, and in January the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Inner Mongolia
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at 2 mm/day, 2 liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.070 mm, the least rain falls in January. July, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Inner Mongolia
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 74%, August is the most uncomfortable. In May, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Inner Mongolia
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is only reached in a few months in Inner Mongolia, although these are always average values.
Map of Inner Mongolia

Most important cities in the province »Inner Mongolia«

Alone 5 major cities with over 500,000 inhabitants are located here. The province has a west-east extension of about 1360 km and over 1260 km from north to south.

Baotou1,908,60040° 39' 8"N109° 49' 20"E
Chifeng1,153,72342° 16' 6"N118° 57' 49"E
Tongliao793,91343° 36' 45"N122° 15' 55"E
Hohhot774,47740° 48' 38"N111° 39' 8"E
Ordos582,54439° 36' 31"N109° 46' 54"E
Wuhai427,55339° 41' 4"N106° 48' 57"E
Yakeshi405,80649° 16' 60"N120° 43' 60"E
Jining272,44841° 1' 39"N113° 6' 21"E
Dongsheng252,56639° 48' 58"N109° 58' 39"E
Hailar211,06649° 12' 0"N119° 42' 0"E
Manzhouli181,11249° 36' 0"N117° 25' 60"E
Ulanhot165,84646° 4' 60"N122° 4' 60"E
Genhe157,33750° 46' 60"N121° 31' 0"E
Jagdaqi135,76050° 25' 0"N124° 7' 0"E
Zalantun132,22448° 0' 0"N122° 43' 0"E
Wuda129,92239° 29' 58"N106° 42' 42"E
Xilin Hot120,96543° 58' 0"N116° 1' 60"E
Jalai Nur107,82849° 27' 0"N117° 42' 0"E
Beichengqu72,44440° 26' 22"N113° 9' 13"E
Shiguai70,35740° 42' 21"N110° 17' 8"E
Pingzhuang67,27342° 2' 14"N119° 17' 20"E
Salaqi64,70440° 32' 29"N110° 30' 39"E
Oroqen Zizhiqi61,58250° 34' 0"N123° 43' 0"E
Mujiayingzi60,62742° 7' 0"N118° 46' 60"E
Erenhot16,42743° 38' 51"N111° 58' 36"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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