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Cyclones in Bangladesh

Cyclones only occur occasionally in Bangladesh. On average, they happen about 2 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Dhaka, Khulna and Barisal.

The typical cyclone season depends on the summer monsoon. In the months before (May to June) and after (October to November), the most severe storms occur.

The most severe cyclone to make landfall in Bangladesh in the past 12 months was »Sitrang«. It reached a wind speed of up to 74 km/h on October 24, 2022 at 9:00 pm local time near Burhanuddin and was 60 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a tropical storm cyclone. On the open sea, speeds of up to 83 km/h were measured.

Other natural hazards in Bangladesh:
Earthquakes
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06.02.2023 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent cyclones in Bangladesh since 2018

Sitrang: October 23-24, 2022

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 83 km/h
on land:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 241 km
Air pressure:
below 994 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Barisal
Dhaka

Jawad: December 3-6, 2021

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 65 km/h
Diameter:
max. 130 km
Air pressure:
below 997 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On December 6th, 2021 at 6:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 112 km southeast of Satkhira in Khulna.

Gulab:shaheen Gu: September 24 to October 4, 2021

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 130 km/h
Diameter:
max. 296 km
Air pressure:
below 974 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On September 24th, 2021 at 12:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 247 km south of Teknaf in Chittagong.

Yaas: May 24-27, 2021

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 119 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 974 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The cyclone did not make direct landfall. On May 26th, 2021 at 9:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 242 km southeast of Satkhira in Khulna.

Amphan: May 15-21, 2020

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 241 km/h
on land:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Eye:
max. 37 km
Air pressure:
below 920 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Khulna
Rajshahi
Dhaka
Rangpur Division

Bulbul:matmo: October 28 to November 11, 2019

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 139 km/h
on land:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 704 km
Air pressure:
below 976 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Khulna
Barisal
Chittagong

Fani: April 25 to May 4, 2019

Region:
Bay of Bengal
Wind speed:
max. 213 km/h
on land:
max. 56 km/h
Diameter:
max. 185 km
Eye:
max. 56 km
Air pressure:
below 932 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Khulna
Rajshahi
Dhaka


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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