Climate in Southwest Afghanistan

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from three measuring weather stations in Southwest Afghanistan.
Weather stations at an altitude above 1590m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Afghanistan

Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees centigrade, sometimes up to 38 degrees. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to August. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Overview: Climate in Afghanistan
Daylengths and sun positions in Afghanistan
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Southwest Afghanistan
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 13 hours per day, June is the sunniest month in the region of Southwest Afghanistan. In January the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Southwest Afghanistan
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 6 rainy days, March offers the most number of rainy days, and in June the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Southwest Afghanistan
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.1 mm, the least rain falls in July. February, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Southwest Afghanistan
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With only 30% humidity on average, it is quite dry in June. The highest value of 61% is experienced here in January.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Southwest Afghanistan
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Southwest Afghanistan
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Climate charts for other regions in Afghanistan

Map of Southwest Afghanistan

Most important cities in the region »Southwest Afghanistan«

The region has a west-east extension of about 480 km and over 310 km from north to south.

It consists of the five provinces Helmand, Kandahar, Nimruz, Oruzgan and Zabul.

CityPopulationGeo position
Kandahar391,19031° 36' 48"N65° 42' 36"E
Zaranj49,85130° 57' 35"N61° 51' 37"E
Lashkar Gah43,93431° 35' 38"N64° 22' 18"E
Gereshk43,58831° 49' 15"N64° 34' 12"E
Khash15,13331° 31' 45"N62° 47' 26"E
Mirabad14,16030° 26' 10"N61° 50' 18"E
Sangin13,57932° 4' 22"N64° 50' 9"E
Uruzgan13,38832° 55' 40"N66° 37' 57"E
Qalat12,19132° 6' 21"N66° 54' 30"E
Rudbar11,03430° 8' 60"N62° 36' 0"E
Tarinkot10,00032° 37' 48"N65° 52' 41"E
`Alaqahdari Dishu9,19630° 25' 55"N63° 17' 53"E
Markaz-e Hukumat-e Darweshan9,01231° 7' 56"N64° 11' 36"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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