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Climate in Northwest Afghanistan

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures


All climatic diagrams on this site result from the collected data from three measuring weather stations in Northwest Afghanistan.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.


Back to overview: Afghanistan

Northwest Afghanistan is one of the warmest region in Afghanistan with an average daily high temperature of 26 degrees centigrade. Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees centigrade, sometimes up to 41 degrees. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from June to August. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Overview: Climate in Afghanistan
Daylengths and sun positions in Afghanistan
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Northwest Afghanistan
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 13 hours per day, July is the sunniest month in the region of Northwest Afghanistan. In December the sun shines the shortest.
Rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Northwest Afghanistan
A rainy day is a day on which at least an amount of 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 7 rainy days, March offers the most number of rainy days, and in August the least.
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Northwest Afghanistan
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.0 mm, the least rain falls in September. February, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Northwest Afghanistan
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture of the physically possible is actually contained in the air. At high humidity, the person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% gives as pleasant. With humidity averaging 79%, January is the most uncomfortable. In August, on the other hand, it is easier to endure.
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Northwest Afghanistan
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy. This limit is only reached in a few months in Northwest Afghanistan, although these are always average values.
Humidex in °CHumidex in Northwest Afghanistan
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Climate charts for other regions in Afghanistan

Map of Northwest Afghanistan

Most important cities in the region »Northwest Afghanistan«

Alone 2 cities with over 100,000 inhabitants are located here. The region has a west-east extension of about 290 km and over 220 km from north to south.

It consists of the five provinces Balkh, Faryab, Jowzjan, Samangan and Sar-e Pol.


CityPopulationGeo position
Mazar-e Sharif303,28236° 42' 33"N67° 6' 39"E
Balkh114,88336° 45' 23"N66° 53' 50"E
Maymana75,90035° 55' 17"N64° 47' 1"E
Khulm64,93336° 41' 50"N67° 41' 54"E
Shibirghan55,64136° 40' 3"N65° 45' 10"E
Sar-e Pul52,12136° 12' 56"N65° 55' 57"E
Aibak47,82336° 15' 53"N68° 0' 56"E
Andkhoy29,20836° 57' 11"N65° 7' 26"E
Sang-e Charak15,37735° 50' 59"N66° 26' 13"E
Qarqin15,01837° 25' 7"N66° 2' 37"E
Chiras12,77935° 25' 0"N65° 58' 56"E
Tukzar12,02135° 56' 54"N66° 25' 17"E
Larkird11,63535° 29' 22"N66° 39' 51"E
Darzab9,64235° 58' 39"N65° 22' 42"E
Tagaw-Bay9,09635° 41' 58"N66° 3' 42"E
Qarchi Gak8,94237° 2' 24"N66° 47' 20"E
Qal‘ah-ye Shahr7,75635° 32' 50"N65° 34' 3"E


Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants: geonames.org, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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