Climate in Central Afghanistan

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of the official weather station in Central Afghanistan in a height of 1791m above sea level. All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

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Central Afghanistan is the coldest region in Afghanistan with an average high temperature of only 21°C. The climate widely corresponds to Central European weather conditions. It is cold, wet and a few beautiful summer months are also happening during a year. For several months of the year, it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees, sometimes up to 34 degrees. Due to the warmer temperatures, the best time for traveling is from June to September. Winter athletes will find their favorite weather conditions in January.
Overview: Climate in Afghanistan
Daylengths and sun positions in Afghanistan
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Sunshine hours per day
The number of hours of sunshine refers to the time when the sun is actually visible. That is, without any obstruction of visibility by clouds, fog or mountains. With 12 hours per day, June is the sunniest month in the region of Central Afghanistan. In January, the sun shines the least.
Rain days per month
A rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 mm precipitation (=0.1 liter) per square meter falls. This can be rain, snow, hail or even dew. So it does not have to rain the whole day. With 11 rain days, January offers the most rain days, while November has the fewest.
Precipitation amount in mm/day
The amount of precipitation is measured in millimeters per square meter. Thus, at two mm/day, two liters of water fall on one square meter within 24 hours. With only 0.1 mm, the least amount of rain falls in October. February, on the other hand, has the most rain.
Relative humidity in %
Warm air can absorb more moisture than cold air. The relative humidity indicates how much moisture can be physically contained in the air. At high humidity, a person feels uncomfortable and perceives this as oppressive. In general, a relative humidity of 40-60% feels pleasant. With only 36% humidity on average, it is quite dry in June. The highest value of 70% is experienced here in February.
Absolute humidity in g/m³
In warm months, there is also a higher absolute humidity almost everywhere. At a temperature of 25°C, air can absorb up to 23 grams of water per cubic meter. At 20°C, it is only 17.3 grams. A relative humidity of 40% at 25°C thus corresponds to an absolute humidity of 9.2 grams of water. From a proportion of approx. 13.5 grams, humans perceive the air as muggy.
The "Humidex" (humidity index) is an index of well-being in warmer areas, calculated from the air temperature, relative humidity and dew point. The index corresponds approximately to the temperature felt. At high temperatures, the body transports heat away by sweating. At high humidity, the ambient air can only absorb a small amount of sweat and thus one feels uncomfortable. An index of 20-29 is considered comfortable. Up to 39, people perceive the air as slightly uncomfortable, and above 40, as very uncomfortable. Values above 45 are dangerous in the long run and often lead to heat stroke.
Climate charts for other regions in Afghanistan

Map of Central Afghanistan

Most important cities in the region »Central Afghanistan«

As the capital region, it is arguably the most important part of Afghanistan. The region has a west-east extension of about 60 km and over 150 km from north to south.

It consists of the five provinces Kabul, Kapisa, Lowgar, Panjshir and Parvan.

CityPopulationGeo position
Kabul4,601,78934° 31' 41"N69° 10' 20"E
Bazarak65,00035° 18' 47"N69° 30' 55"E
Charikar53,67635° 0' 49"N69° 10' 17"E
Paghman49,15734° 35' 16"N68° 57' 3"E
Baraki Barak22,30533° 58' 3"N68° 56' 57"E
Jabal os Saraj15,03235° 7' 6"N69° 14' 16"E
Pul-e ‘Alam13,24733° 59' 43"N69° 1' 22"E
Hukumati Azrah12,52634° 10' 25"N69° 38' 45"E
Sidqabad7,40735° 1' 23"N69° 21' 4"E
Tagab6,40034° 51' 18"N69° 38' 57"E
Mir Bachah Kot5,40534° 44' 60"N69° 7' 8"E

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. Data on cities and inhabitants:, United Nations Statistics Division and own research.
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