Transport and infrastructure in Venezuela

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Venezuela with the average of all countries in America. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Venezuela ranks 131st in the world with 0.02 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 447 kilometers long.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 2,800 km of coastline. In 2020, about 168,757 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Venezuela

Back to overview: Venezuela

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 96,189 km. For each of the country's 28.70 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 3.35 meters. This puts Venezuela in 138th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 31 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 10616 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Venezuela is considered very dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 36.2 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Venezuela, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways96,200 km3,350.96 km105.46 m
Railroads400 km15.57 km0.49 m
Waterways7,100 km247.34 km7.78 m
Commercial harbors2819.790.000

South America

 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,097,400 km7,131.28 km173.93 m
Railroads85,100 km195.97 km4.78 m
Waterways119,400 km274.82 km6.70 m
Commercial harbors2,2275.130.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Venezuela: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in VenezuelaThe 25 biggest airports and 3 airlines in Venezuela with further information and data
Venezuela: ClimateClimate details in VenezuelaA climate analysis for Venezuela incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing