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Venezuela

Federal presidential republic
independant since 1811
Venezuela
Region:
South America
Area:
912,050 km²
Further names:
República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Local name:
Venezuela
Capital:
Caracas
Venezuela on the world map

Geography

Venezuela is a country on the north coast of South America on the Caribbean Sea. The land has a total area of 912,050 km² (352,144 mi²) and a total coastline of 2,800 km (1,739.8 mi). This land area is approximately 131% of the area of Texas. Venezuela is thus one of the largest countries in the Americas and the 33rd biggest in the world. It is comparatively low at an average elevation of 450 meters above sea level. The highest mountain peak (Pico Bolívar) is at 4,981 meters.

The country has 418 partially uninhabited islands in the open sea. There are direct national borders with the 3 neighbouring countries Brazil, Colombia and Guyana. The distance between New York City and the Capital Caracas is about 3,430 km (2,131 mi).

Population

Population:28,436,000
Life expectancy females:
Ø 76.0 years
Birthrate:
17.6 ‰
Deathrate:
7.1 ‰
Males/Females:
49.3% : 50.7%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Venezuela 2019
The currency in Venezuela is Bolívar fuerte (VEF).
1 Bolívar fuerte is divided into 100 Céntimos.
Status: 10/25/2021
1 US Dollar = 213,830,222,338 Bolívar fuerte
100.000 Bolívar fuerte = 0.00 US Dollar

The climate in Venezuela

In Venezuela, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lesser. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 31 and 32 degrees. In some parts of the country the temperature raises up to 36 °C. In the colder months and depending in the region, the temperature lowers down to 21°C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Venezuela
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Languages

Official language:
Spanish

mother tonguedistribution
Spanish96.9 %
Goajiro0.4 %
Warrau0.1 %
other2.6 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Roman Catholics96.0%
Protestants2.0%
other2.0%

more...

Economy

GDP:2.01 bn $
Exportations:28,684.0 M $
Importations:25,810.0 M $
Tourism receipts:546.00 M $
Unemployment rate:9.1 %
Inflation rate:2,959.80 %
corruption index:15 (very bad)
Energy consumption:72.0 bn kWh

According to the definition of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Venezuela is one of the developing countries because of its lower economic performance.

Land use

4% Urban areas:34,404 km²
24% Agricultural areas:223,361 km²
52% Forest:478,005 km²
0% Water areas:30,000 km²
19% Others:176,280 km²

more...

Transport

Roadways:96,189 km
Railways:447 km
Waterways:7,100 km
Commercial harbors:282
Airports:444

Most important cities

CityRegionPopulation
Caracas / CapitalCapital2,246,000
MaracaiboZulia1,653,000
ValenciaCarabobo888,000
BarquisimetoLara881,000
Ciudad GuayanaBolívar878,000
MaturínMonagas571,000
PetareMiranda434,000
MaracayAragua419,000
Ciudad BolívarBolívar407,000
BarinasBarinas390,000
BarutaMiranda358,000
CumanáSucre358,000
BarcelonaAnzoátegui326,000
CabimasZulia293,000
Alto BarinasBarinas284,000
San CristóbalTáchira283,000
MéridaMérida248,000
Los TequesMiranda216,000
CoroFalcón200,000
GuanarePortuguesa160,000
San Juan de los MorrosGuárico88,000
San Fernando ApureApure79,000
San CarlosCojedes77,000
San FelipeYaracuy77,000
Puerto AyacuchoAmazonas53,000
TucupitaDelta Amacuro52,000
TrujilloTrujillo38,000
La AsunciónNueva Esparta35,000
La GuairaVargas25,000




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 1863



Existing trade agreements



Alliances

Developing countriesList of 152 developing countries of the Third WorldList of all 152 developing countries (Third World) with below-average living standards
Countries with DSTAll Countries with DSTA summary of all countries which currently observe Daylight Saving Time with further info on introductions and upcoming changes.
Ranking: The smallest countriesThe smallest countriesThe 30 smallest dwarf states on earth
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