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Venezuela

Federal presidential republic
Independent since 1811

Venezuela
Official:
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Local name:
Venezuela
Region:
South America
Area:
912,050 km²
Capital:
Caracas
Venezuela on the world map

Geography

Venezuela is a country on the north coast of South America on the Caribbean Sea. The land has a total area of 912,050 km² (352,144 mi²) and a total coastline of 2,800 km (1,739.8 mi). This land area is approximately 131% of the area of Texas. Venezuela is thus one of the largest countries in the Americas and the 33rd biggest in the world. An exceptionally high proportion of residents (88%) belongs to the urban population.

Venezuela is comparatively low at an average elevation of 450 meters above sea level. The highest mountain peak (Pico Bolívar) is at 4,981 meters. The country has 418 partially uninhabited islands in the open sea. There are direct national borders with the three neighboring countries Brazil, Colombia and Guyana. The distance between New York City and the Capital Caracas is about 3,430 km (2,131 mi).

Population

Population:28,200,000
Life expectancy females:
Ø 75.8 years
Birth rate:
16.2 ‰
Death rate:
7.6 ‰
Males/Females:
49.2% : 50.8%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Venezuela 2021
The currency in Venezuela is the bolivar digital (VED).
1 Bolivar digital is divided into 100 Céntimos.
Status: 02/06/2023

The climate in Venezuela

In Venezuela, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lower. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 32 and 33 degrees. In some parts of the country, the temperature rises to 35 °C. In the colder months, and depending in the region, the temperature drops to 22 °C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures
Average daytime and nighttime temperatures in Venezuela
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Languages

Official language:
Spanish

Mother tongueDistribution
Spanish96.9 %
Goajiro0.4 %
Warrau0.1 %
other2.6 %

Religions

ReligionDistribution
Roman Catholics96.0%
Protestants2.0%
other2.0%

more...

Economy

GDP:482.36 bn $
Exportations:83.40 bn $
Importations:18.43 bn $
Tourism receipts:546.00 M $
Unemployment rate:6.4 %
Inflation rate:2,959.80 %
Corruption index:14 (very bad)
Energy consumption:72.0 bn kWh

According to the definition from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Venezuela is a developing country because of its lower economic performance.



Land use

4% Urban areas:34,404 km²
24% Agricultural areas:223,361 km²
52% Forest:478,005 km²
3% Water areas:30,000 km²
19% Others:176,280 km²

more...

Transport

Roadways:96,189 km
Railways:447 km
Waterways:7,100 km
Commercial harbors:281
Airports:20

Most important cities

CityRegionPopulation
Caracas / CapitalCapital2,246,000
MaracaiboZuliana1,653,000
ValenciaCentral888,000
BarquisimetoCentral-West881,000
Ciudad GuayanaGuyana878,000
MaturínNortheastern571,000
PetareCapital434,000
MaracayCentral419,000
Ciudad BolívarGuyana407,000
BarinasAndes390,000
BarutaCapital358,000
CumanáNortheastern358,000
BarcelonaNortheastern326,000
CabimasZuliana293,000
Alto BarinasAndes284,000
San CristóbalAndes283,000
Santa TeresaCapital279,000
Punto FijoCentral-West272,000
MéridaAndes248,000
TurmeroCentral239,000
Los TequesCapital216,000
El TigreNortheastern203,000
CoroCentral-West200,000
Puerto CabelloCentral193,000
San Juan de los MorrosPlains88,000
La AsunciónAtlantic Islands35,000




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:abolished in 1863





Existing trade agreements



Alliances

Position