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Tsunami in Aleutian Islands 1957, United States

Tsunamis in the United States of America

A total of 75 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1737 have killed 548 people in the United States of America. Tsunamis therefore occur comparatively often in this country.

The strongest tidal wave registered in the United States of America so far reached a height of 524.26 meters. On 07/10/1958, this tsunami killed a total of 5 people.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and the economy had been a tsunami on 04/01/1946. A tidal wave of up to 42.20 meters killed 164 humans and destroyed vast areas.

Other natural hazards in the United States of America:
Volcanos
Earthquakes
Hurricanes
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Tsunami in Aleutian Islands 1957, United StatesTsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The marked positions on the map represent the most affected regions within the past 240 years.

The largest tsunamis in the United States of America since 1788

DateCauseMax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
09/19/2022Earthquakes in Mexico (Mexico) with a magnitude of 7.6.1.2 m0
01/15/2022Volcano in Tonga (Tonga Islands) The tsunami caused damages in 8 further countries. A total of 6 humans died.3.8 m0
04/14/2019Earthquakes in Iran (Iran: Southern: Firuzabad) with a magnitude of 5.2.1.2 m0
10/18/2015Landslide in the United States (Icy Bay, Ak)193 m0
06/13/2013Meteorological event in the United States (Northwest Atlantic Ocean)1.8 m0
01/05/2013Earthquakes in the United States (Se. Alaska, Ak) with a magnitude of 7.5.1.5 m0
10/28/2012Earthquakes in Canada (British Columbia) with a magnitude of 7.7.0.43 m1
03/11/2011Earthquakes in Japan (Honshu Island) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 11 further countries. A total of 18,431 humans died.5.4 m1
02/27/2010Earthquakes in Chile (Central Chile) with a magnitude of 8.8. The tsunami also reached Chile, French Polynesia, Russia, New Zealand. A total of 156 humans died.1.2 m0
09/29/2009Earthquakes in Samoa (Samoa Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1. The tsunami also reached American Samoa, Samoa, Wallis and Futuna, Outlying Islands, Tonga. A total of 192 humans died.1.2 m0
10/28/2008Meteorological event in the United States (Maine)3.6 m0
11/15/2006Earthquakes in Russia (S. Kuril Islands) with a magnitude of 8.3.0.88 m0
11/04/1994Landslide in the United States (Skagway, Ak)9 m1
10/18/1989Earthquakes in the United States (N. California) with a magnitude of 6.9.1 m0
11/30/1987Earthquakes in the United States (Gulf Of Alaska, Ak) with a magnitude of 7.9.0.43 m0
11/29/1975Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Hawaii) with a magnitude of 7.7.14.30 m2
02/04/1965Earthquakes in the United States (Rat Islands, Aleutian Islands, Ak) with a magnitude of 8.7.10.67 m0
03/28/1964Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Prince William Sound, Ak) with a magnitude of 9.2. The tsunami caused damages in 5 further countries.67.09 m124
05/22/1960Earthquakes in Chile (Southern Chile) with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami caused damages in 13 further countries. A total of 2,226 humans died.10.70 m63
07/10/1958Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Se. Alaska, Ak) with a magnitude of 7.8.524.26 m5
03/09/1957Earthquakes in the United States (Andreanof Islands, Ak) with a magnitude of 8.6. The tsunami caused damages in 6 further countries.32 m2
11/04/1952Earthquakes in Russia (Kamchatka) with a magnitude of 9.0. The tsunami caused damages in 11 further countries. A total of 10,000 humans died.10.40 m0
04/01/1946Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Unimak Island, Ak) with a magnitude of 8.6. The tsunami caused damages in 6 further countries. A total of 167 humans died.42.20 m164
10/27/1936Landslide in the United States (Lituya Bay, Ak)149.35 m0
02/03/1923Earthquakes in Russia (Kamchatka) with a magnitude of 8.3.6.1 m1
07/04/1905Landslide in the United States (Disenchantment Bay, Ak)33.53 m0
09/10/1899Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Yakutat Bay, Ak) with a magnitude of 8.2.60.96 m0
04/03/1868Earthquakes in the United States (Hawaii) with a magnitude of 7.9.13.70 m54
01/01/1853Landslide in the United States (Lituya Bay, Ak)120 m0
08/06/1788Earthquakes in the United States (Shumagin Islands, Ak) with a magnitude of 8.0.88 m0


These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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United States of America: EarthquakeRecent earthquakes and their magnitudes in the United StatesEarthquakes and their intensities in the United States of America
United States of America: VolcanosActive volcanoes and eruptions in the United StatesVolcanic eruptions and their damages by 17 volcanos of United States of America