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Hurricanes in the United States

Hurricanes occur very often in the United States. On average, they happen about 12 times a year. The hardest hit regions are Florida, South Carolina and North Carolina.

The hurricane season usually lasts from early June to late November.

The most severe hurricane to make landfall in the United States in the past 12 months was »Ian«. It reached a wind speed of up to 250 km/h on September 28, 2022 at 2:00 pm local time near Rotonda and was 19 kilometers in diameter at the time. According to the internationally accepted Saffir-Simpson classification, this corresponded to a category 4 hurricane.

Other natural hazards in the United States:
Volcanos
Earthquake
Tsunamis
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


Back to overview: United States

Current hurricane: Ian

On September 19, 2022 at 8:00 am, hurricane »Ian« formed in the North Atlantic with an initial wind speed of 37 km/h. The storm system initially moved east at 19 km/h 30 km/h and reached a diameter of 741 kilometers in the meantime. Its eye grew to a size of 46 kilometers. At September 28, 2022 at 8:00 am, it reached its highest wind speed to date of 250 kilometers per hour. This corresponds to a hurricane of category 4.

On October 1, 2022 at 8:00 pm, Ian made landfall near the city of Farmville (Virginia) in the United States. At that time, the hurricane had a wind speed of 28 km/h and a diameter of 74 kilometers.

Ian has since subsided and is no longer under observation by the authorities. Its last position was about 663 km southwest of the Canada.

Current satellite image of the North Atlantic

 
Move the timeline below the image to see previous shots.
05.10.2022 © CIMSS University of Wisconsin-Madison

Most violent hurricanes in the United States since 2018

Ian: September 19 to October 2, 2022

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 250 km/h
Diameter:
max. 1482 km
Eye:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 937 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
Affected regions
Florida
South Carolina
North Carolina
Virginia

Kay: September 1-10, 2022

Wind speed:
max. 167 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 967 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 09th, 2022 at 2:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 189 km southeast of Imperial Beach in California.

Alex: May 31 to June 6, 2022

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 111 km/h
on land:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 889 km
Air pressure:
below 984 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Florida

Wanda: October 25 to November 8, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 111 km/h
Diameter:
max. 741 km
Air pressure:
below 973 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Massachusetts

Nicholas: September 12-17, 2021

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 370 km
Air pressure:
below 988 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Texas
Louisiana

Henri: August 15-24, 2021

Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
on land:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 111 km
Air pressure:
below 986 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
New York
Connecticut
Massachusetts

Claudette: June 17-23, 2021

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Air pressure:
below 1003 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Louisiana
Mississippi
Alabama
Georgia
South Carolina
North Carolina

Beta: September 17-25, 2020

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
on land:
max. 83 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Air pressure:
below 993 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Texas
Louisiana
Mississippi
Alabama

Sally: September 11-18, 2020

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 176 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 965 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 2
Affected regions
Florida
Alabama
Georgia
South Carolina

Teddy: September 12-24, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 222 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Air pressure:
below 945 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 22nd, 2020 at 11:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 435 km southwest of Ellsworth in Maine.

Hanna: July 23-26, 2020

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 148 km/h
Diameter:
max. 259 km
Air pressure:
below 973 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Texas

Douglas: July 20-30, 2020

Region:
Central Pacific
Wind speed:
max. 213 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 954 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 4
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On July 26th, 2020 at 11:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 67 km northwest of Haiku-Pauwela in Hawaii.

Fay: July 5-11, 2020

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 93 km/h
Diameter:
max. 444 km
Air pressure:
below 998 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Florida
Georgia
South Carolina
North Carolina
Maryland
New Jersey
New York

Arthur: May 16-21, 2020

Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 222 km
Air pressure:
below 989 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On May 18th, 2020 at 8:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 84 km southwest of Morehead City in North Carolina.

Nestor: October 17-21, 2019

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 93 km/h
on land:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 778 km
Air pressure:
below 996 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Florida
Georgia
South Carolina
North Carolina
Virginia
Maryland

Melissa: October 8-14, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 102 km/h
Diameter:
max. 667 km
Air pressure:
below 994 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On October 08th, 2019 at 2:00 pm it had the shortest distance at about 183 km southwest of Kill Devil Hills in North Carolina.

Imelda: September 17-19, 2019

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 74 km/h
Diameter:
max. 500 km
Air pressure:
below 1003 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
tropical storm
Affected regions
Texas

Humberto: September 12-20, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 204 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Air pressure:
below 950 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 3
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 15th, 2019 at 11:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 256 km west of Cape Canaveral in Florida.

Dorian: August 24 to September 5, 2019

Wind speed:
max. 296 km/h
Diameter:
max. 111 km
Eye:
max. 93 km
Air pressure:
below 910 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 5
The hurricane did not make direct landfall. On September 04th, 2019 at 8:00 am it had the shortest distance at about 139 km northwest of Edgewater in Florida.

Barry: July 10-16, 2019

Region:
Gulf of Mexico
Wind speed:
max. 120 km/h
Diameter:
max. 556 km
Air pressure:
below 993 mbar
Saffir-Simpson scale:
category 1
Affected regions
Louisiana
Arkansas
Missouri


These evaluations are based on data from the National Centers for Environmental Information of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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