The timezone Array in Saint MartinTimezones are always computed by their difference to UTC, the "Universal Time Coordinated". In Sint Maarten exists only a single tonezone at UTC-4. E.g. New York is currently at UTC-5 in Eastern Time, so the time difference between NY and Sint Maarten is 1 hours.
Sint Maarten has no time difference between summer and winter. A daylight saving time doesn't exist.
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Only 1 nationwide time zone
|Standard time:||Atlantic Standard Time (AST)|
|Daylight saving time:||none|
Sint Maarten has an east-west extension of 0.01 degrees of longitude. Given the country's location in Caribbean, this corresponds to about 2 kilometers. With such a small extent the course of the sun at different positions in the country hardly matters. The position of the sun in the west of the country deviates from that in the east only about 4 seconds. This means the sun rises and sets 4 seconds later in the west than in the east.
The Atlantic Standard Time also applies in Anguilla, , Aruba, Barbados, in parts of Canada, in Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Antigua and Barbuda, Bonaire, St. Martin, Martinique, Montserrat, Trinidad and Tobago, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Virgin Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, in parts of Greenland, on the British Virgin Islands and in the Bermudas.
No daylight saving time in Sint MaartenDue to the sun's orbit around the equator, the days are longer in summer (June to September in the northern hemisphere). Countries that switch to daylight saving time in the summer months align the daylight phase with the human rhythm. Unused bright morning hours are thus shifted into the evening (more information on daylight saving time here).
Aufgrund der relativen Nähe zum Äquator sind aber die Auswirkungen in Saint Martin nicht so groß, wie z.B. in den Ländern Mitteleuropas. Philipsburg is only 2,000 km from the equator. A day in midsummer would then not last from 05:36 to 18:51, but from 06:36 to 19:51. The effect would be quite noticeable in the evening, but the sun rising later in the morning falls at a time when many people are already awake. Thus, daylight saving time was never introduced in Sint Maarten.