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Tsunamis in Peru

A total of 24 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1586 have killed 6,044 people in Peru. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur more often than average, but still moderate.
The strongest tidal wave registered in Peru so far reached a height of 26 meters. On 07/10/1586, no losses of human lifes have been registered by this tsunami.
The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and the economy had been a tsunami on 10/29/1746. A tidal wave of up to 24 meters killed 4,800 humans and destroyed vast areas.
Other natural hazards in Peru:
Earthquake
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Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.
The marked positions on the map represent the most affected regions within the past 440 years.

The largest tsunamis in Peru since 1586

DateCauseMax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
01/15/2022Volcano in Tonga (Tonga Islands) The tsunami caused damages in 7 further countries. A total of 6 humans died.2 m2
03/11/2011Earthquake in Japan (Honshu Island) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 11 further countries. A total of 18,431 humans died.1.5 m0
08/15/2007Earthquake in Peru (S. Peru) with a magnitude of 8.0.10.05 m3
06/23/2001Earthquake in Peru (S. Peru) with a magnitude of 8.4.8.8 m24
02/21/1996Earthquake in Peru (N. Peru) with a magnitude of 7.5.5.0 m24
10/17/1966Earthquake in Peru (Central Peru) with a magnitude of 8.1.3 m0
11/20/1960Earthquake in Peru (N. Peru) with a magnitude of 6.8.9 m79
05/22/1960Earthquake in Chile (Southern Chile) with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami caused damages in 13 further countries. A total of 2,226 humans died.1.1 m0
12/12/1953Earthquake in Peru (N. Peru) with a magnitude of 7.4.1 m0
11/04/1952Earthquake in Russia (Kamchatka) with a magnitude of 9.0. The tsunami caused damages in 11 further countries. A total of 10,000 humans died.0.30 m0
04/01/1946Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Unimak Island, Ak) with a magnitude of 8.6. The tsunami caused damages in 6 further countries. A total of 167 humans died.0 m1
08/24/1942Earthquake, landslide in Peru (S. Peru) with a magnitude of 8.2.2 m0
11/11/1922Earthquake in Chile (Northern Chile) with a magnitude of 8.7. The tsunami also reached Japan, American Samoa, United States, Chile. A total of 200 humans died.2.4 m0
05/31/1895Earthquake in Chile (Northern Chile)0 m0
01/27/1878Eruption in Peru (Central Peru)0 m5
05/10/1877Earthquake in Chile (Northern Chile) with a magnitude of 8.3. The tsunami caused damages in 7 further countries. A total of 2,282 humans died.6 m0
08/13/1868Earthquake in Chile (Northern Chile) with a magnitude of 8.5. The tsunami caused damages in 6 further countries. A total of 25,000 humans died.15 m550
01/08/1865Earthquake in Peru (Central Peru)2 m5
12/01/1806Earthquake in Peru (Central Peru) with a magnitude of 7.5.1 m0
10/29/1746Earthquake in Peru (Central Peru) with a magnitude of 8.0.24 m4,800
10/20/1687Earthquake in Peru (S. Peru) with a magnitude of 8.5.0 m500
06/17/1678Earthquake in Peru (Central Peru) with a magnitude of 8.4.0 m0
11/24/1604Earthquake in Peru (S. Peru) with a magnitude of 8.5.3.5 m51
07/10/1586Earthquake in Peru (Central Peru) with a magnitude of 8.5.26 m0

These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
Natural disasters worldwideMost severe natural disasters worldwideThe most severe earthquakes, volcanos and tsunamis by region and severity
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